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    鄂尔多斯盆地多种能源矿产分布及其构造背景

    邓军 王庆飞 高帮飞 徐浩 周应华

    邓军, 王庆飞, 高帮飞, 徐浩, 周应华, 2006. 鄂尔多斯盆地多种能源矿产分布及其构造背景. 地球科学, 31(3): 330-336.
    引用本文: 邓军, 王庆飞, 高帮飞, 徐浩, 周应华, 2006. 鄂尔多斯盆地多种能源矿产分布及其构造背景. 地球科学, 31(3): 330-336.
    DENG Jun, WANG Qing-fei, GAO Bang-fei, XU Hao, ZHOU Ying-hua, 2006. Distribution and Tectonic Background of Various Energy Resources in Ordos Basin. Earth Science, 31(3): 330-336.
    Citation: DENG Jun, WANG Qing-fei, GAO Bang-fei, XU Hao, ZHOU Ying-hua, 2006. Distribution and Tectonic Background of Various Energy Resources in Ordos Basin. Earth Science, 31(3): 330-336.

    鄂尔多斯盆地多种能源矿产分布及其构造背景

    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究规划项目 2003CB214600

    教育部科学技术研究重点项目 0318

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      邓军(1958-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 矿床学和构造地质学专业, 主要从事区域构造、成矿流体及成矿动力学的教学和科研工作. E-mail: djun@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P617;P542

    Distribution and Tectonic Background of Various Energy Resources in Ordos Basin

    • 摘要: 借助“成矿系统”的思维, 探讨鄂尔多斯盆地成矿(藏)系统形成机制及其构造背景.盆地于中生代处于大地构造体制转折的重要阶段, 盆地边缘的造山活动显著, 盆内亦分别于晚三叠世、晚侏罗世与晚白垩世左右发生过3次构造热事件.区域构造体制转换事件导致了多种成藏(矿)作用的发生.盆地内部的构造热事件引发了有机流体的活动, 周缘造山作用产生了向盆内流动的无机含铀热液.有机和无机流体的活动过程中存在相互作用, 有机流体的存在形成氧化-还原障, 导致无机流体关键物理化学参数的转变, 在氧化-还原界面处成矿.突变成矿和界面成矿是多种能源矿产成矿过程的主要机制.

       

    • 图  1  多种能源矿产共存系统演化框架(据翟裕生等, 1999改编)

      Fig.  1.  Evolution of coexisting system of various energy resources

      图  2  鄂尔多斯盆地大地构造图(据Liu, 1998; Brian and Bradley, 2002修编)

      1.贺兰山-六盘山构造带; Ⅰ2.北祁连造山带; Ⅰ3.中祁连造山带; Ⅰ4.南祁连构造带; Ⅱ1.北秦岭造山带; Ⅱ2.南秦岭造山带; Ⅲ.吕梁山; Ⅳ1.狼山; Ⅳ2.大青山; F1.得力记剪切带; F2.马鞘山-靖远断裂; F3.北祁连断裂; F4.北祁连-北秦岭缝合带; F5.宝鸡-洛阳栾川断裂; YR.黄河; 1.走滑断裂; 2.山前正断层; 3.逆冲断层; 4.缝合带; 5.地质界线; 6.鄂尔多斯盆地边界(盆地边界据重力梯度带划定); ①.银川地堑; ②.渭河地堑; ③.山西地堑; ④.河套盆地

      Fig.  2.  Tectonic map of Ordos basin

      图  3  鄂尔多斯盆地多种能源矿产分布图(据魏永佩和欧阳自远, 2004; 长庆油田公司勘探开发研究院, 2001编制)

      1.侏罗纪石油; 2.延长组石油; 3.天然气; 4.铀; 5.延长组生油坳陷; 6. 延长组展布区

      Fig.  3.  Distribution map of various energy resources in Ordos basin

      图  4  鄂尔多斯盆地中生代构造热事件与多种能源矿产形成

      Fig.  4.  Time of the tecto-thermal events and the formation of various energy resources in Ordos basin

      表  1  鄂尔多斯盆地多种能源矿产分布

      Table  1.   Distribution of various energy resources in Ordos basin

      表  2  鄂尔多斯盆地侏罗纪构造体制转换与煤形成(王双明,1996; 王超勇等,2004)

      Table  2.   Relationship of the formation of Jurassic coal and the transition of tectonic regime in Ordos basin

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