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    黔东南地区褶皱构造样式及其断层突破模式

    崔敏 汤良杰 郭彤楼 宁飞 田海芹 胡东风

    崔敏, 汤良杰, 郭彤楼, 宁飞, 田海芹, 胡东风, 2009. 黔东南地区褶皱构造样式及其断层突破模式. 地球科学, 34(6): 907-913.
    引用本文: 崔敏, 汤良杰, 郭彤楼, 宁飞, 田海芹, 胡东风, 2009. 黔东南地区褶皱构造样式及其断层突破模式. 地球科学, 34(6): 907-913.
    CUI Min, TANG Liang-jie, GUO Tong-lou, NING Fei, TIAN Hai-qin, HU Dong-feng, 2009. Structural Style and Thrust Breakthrough Model of Fold in Southeast Guizhou. Earth Science, 34(6): 907-913.
    Citation: CUI Min, TANG Liang-jie, GUO Tong-lou, NING Fei, TIAN Hai-qin, HU Dong-feng, 2009. Structural Style and Thrust Breakthrough Model of Fold in Southeast Guizhou. Earth Science, 34(6): 907-913.

    黔东南地区褶皱构造样式及其断层突破模式

    基金项目: 

    国家“973”计划项目 2005CB422107

    国家自然科学基金项目 40672143

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      崔敏(1981—), 男, 博士研究生, 构造地质学专业. E-mail: cuimin800@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P542

    Structural Style and Thrust Breakthrough Model of Fold in Southeast Guizhou

    • 摘要: 黔东南地区发育隔槽式褶皱组合和逆冲断层.通过对褶皱和地层的平面展布、断层的产状和性质以及滑脱层的分析, 结合典型地震剖面解释和平衡剖面恢复, 对黔东南地区构造特征及其成因进行了探讨.结果表明, 隔槽式褶皱的发育不仅与滑脱深度和剥蚀差异有关, 而且与逆冲断层的推覆距离、逆冲断层的产状、断坪断坡长度比、断层突破方式和多层次滑脱等方面存在着密切联系.结合区域构造演化和推覆距离的制约, 建立了黔东南地区的隔槽式褶皱构造样式的几何学和运动学模型, 确定其主要影响因素是断坪断坡长度比较小、多种方式断层突破和多层次滑脱.

       

    • 图  1  黔东南地区地质略图(贵州省地质矿产局, 1987)

      1.新生界; 2.侏罗系和白垩系; 3.三叠系; 4.上古生界; 5.下古生界; 6.中、上元古界; 7.逆断层; 8.走滑断层; 9.地层产状

      Fig.  1.  Geological sketch map of the Southeast Guizhou

      图  2  黔东南地区隔槽式褶皱平衡剖面恢复(位置见图 1)

      Fig.  2.  Restoration of seismic cross-sections of through-like fold in Southeast Guizhou

      图  3  滑脱深度不同的滑脱褶皱膝折模型(Ramsay and Huber, 1987)

      A-A′剖面显示隔槽式特征; B-B′剖面显示隔槽式特征; H.滑脱面深度; W.背斜宽度

      Fig.  3.  Kink-band model of detachment folds in different depths

      图  4  不同断坪-断坡长度比的断层突破模式

      Fig.  4.  Fault-breakthrough models for the different scales of flat to ramp

      图  5  黔东南地区隔槽式褶皱组合的滑脱褶皱-断层突破形成模式

      Fig.  5.  A breakthrough of detachment folds model showing the formative process of the trough-like folds in Southeast Guizhou

      表  1  黔东南地区3个向斜的缩短量与缩短率(以寒武系为标志层)

      Table  1.   The amount and the rate of shortening in the three synclines in Southeast Guizhou

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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2008-11-26
    • 刊出日期:  2009-11-25

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