• 中国出版政府奖提名奖

    中国百强科技报刊

    湖北出版政府奖

    中国高校百佳科技期刊

    中国最美期刊

    留言板

    尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

    姓名
    邮箱
    手机号码
    标题
    留言内容
    验证码

    南海表层沉积物中的碳酸钙含量分布及其影响因素

    张兰兰 陈木宏 陈忠 向荣 刘建国

    张兰兰, 陈木宏, 陈忠, 向荣, 刘建国, 2010. 南海表层沉积物中的碳酸钙含量分布及其影响因素. 地球科学, 35(6): 891-898. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2010.104
    引用本文: 张兰兰, 陈木宏, 陈忠, 向荣, 刘建国, 2010. 南海表层沉积物中的碳酸钙含量分布及其影响因素. 地球科学, 35(6): 891-898. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2010.104
    ZHANG Lan-lan, CHEN Mu-hong, CHEN Zhong, XIANG Rong, LIU Jian-guo, 2010. Distribution of Calcium Carbonate and Its Controlling Factors in Surface Sediments of the South China Sea. Earth Science, 35(6): 891-898. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2010.104
    Citation: ZHANG Lan-lan, CHEN Mu-hong, CHEN Zhong, XIANG Rong, LIU Jian-guo, 2010. Distribution of Calcium Carbonate and Its Controlling Factors in Surface Sediments of the South China Sea. Earth Science, 35(6): 891-898. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2010.104

    南海表层沉积物中的碳酸钙含量分布及其影响因素

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2010.104
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 40631007

    国家自然科学基金项目 40906030

    中国科学院知识创新工程青年人才领域前沿项目 SQ200808

    国家"973"项目子课题 2007CB815905

    中科院知识创新工程重要方向项目 KZCX2-YW-228

    国家科技支撑计划课题 2006BAB19B03

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张兰兰(1978-), 女, 助研, 博士, 主要从事海洋微体古生物与环境研究.E-mail: llzhang@scsio.ac.cn

    • 中图分类号: P588.2

    Distribution of Calcium Carbonate and Its Controlling Factors in Surface Sediments of the South China Sea

    • 摘要: 通过测定南海213个表层沉积物样品中的碳酸钙含量, 综合分析整个南海海域碳酸钙含量分布特征及其控制因素.结果表明, 不同的区域海洋环境, 控制表层沉积物中碳酸钙含量变化的因素也不尽相同: 大陆架区, 碳酸钙含量主要受陆源非碳酸盐物质的稀释作用而较低; 大陆坡区, 碳酸钙因丰富的物源量、低的陆源物质输入量和弱的碳酸钙溶解作用等因素而呈较高含量; 深海盆区, 碳酸钙含量因强烈的溶解作用而较低.根据碳酸钙含量在南海整个表层沉积物中的分布趋势, 推测南海纬度14°N以北的海域碳酸钙补偿深度(CCD)为3700m左右, 纬度14°N以南的海域CCD为4000m左右.Pearson相关分析表明, 南海表层沉积物中钙质超微化石对碳酸钙的含量分布具有较高的贡献率.

       

    • 图  1  进行碳酸钙分析测试的213个表层沉积物样品站位分布

      Fig.  1.  Distribution of 213 surface sediment samples for CaCO3 determination

      图  2  南海表层沉积物中碳酸钙含量(%)分布

      圆点代表取样站点;蓝色区域为残留沉积区;黄色区域为深水区高碳酸钙含量分布区;Ⅰ.河流入海口的浅水陆架区;Ⅱ.陆坡区;Ⅱ1.陆坡上升流区;Ⅱ2.陆坡甲烷渗漏区;Ⅲ.珊瑚礁区;Ⅳ.深海盆区

      Fig.  2.  Distribution of calcium carbonate content (%) in surface sediments of SCS

      图  3  南海表层沉积物中浮游有孔虫丰度(个·g-1)分布(徐建等,2001李学杰等,2004郭建卿等,2006崔喜江等,2006)

      黄色区域与图 2相对应,红色区域对应着图 2中的高碳酸钙含量

      Fig.  3.  Distribution of plankton foraminifer abundance (individuals·g-1) in surface sediments of SCS

      图  4  南海表层沉积物中钙质超微化石丰度(个·g-1)分布(王勇军等,2007)

      黄色区域与图 2对应, 红色区域与图 3对应, 蓝色区域为河流入口处

      Fig.  4.  Distribution of calcareous nannofossils abundance (individuals·g-1) in surface sediments of SCS

      图  5  南海表层沉积物中碳酸钙含量与水深的散点分布图

      Fig.  5.  Variance of calcium carbonate content versus water depth in surface sediments of SCS

    • Chen, F., Li, X.J., Chen, C.Y., et al., 2003. Distribution of calcareous plankton and dissolution of carbonate in surface sediments of the western South China Sea. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 23(2): 33-38 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HYDZ200302005.htm
      Chen, M.H., Chen, S.M., 1989. On carbonate dissolution and the distribution model of deep sea sediment types in South China Sea. Tropic Oceanology, 8(3): 20-26 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY198903002.htm
      Chen, M.H., Zhang, L.L., Zhang, L.L., et al., 2008a. Distributions of radiolarian diversity and abundance in surface sediments of the South China Sea and their environmental implications. Earth Science—Journal of China University of Geosciences, 33(4): 431-442 (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2008.058
      Chen, M.H., Zhang, L.L., Zhang, L.L., et al., 2008b. Radiolarian assemblages in surface sediments of the South China Sea and their marine environmental correlations. Earth Science—Journal of China University of Geosciences, 33(6): 775-782 (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2008.093
      Chen, R.H., Xu, J., Meng, Y., et al., 2003. Microorganisms and carbonate lysocline depth and CCD in surface sediment of the northeastern South China Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 25(2): 48-56 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/ http://search.cnki.net/down/default.aspx?filename=SEAC200302005&dbcode=CJFD&year=2003&dflag=pdfdown
      Chen, Z., Gu, S.C., Yan, W., et al., 2002. Carbonate sediment characteristics of surface sediments in the southern Nansha Trough and adjacent sea area. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 24(5): 141-146 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/ http://search.cnki.net/down/default.aspx?filename=SEAC200205016&dbcode=CJFD&year=2002&dflag=pdfdown
      Chen, Z., Yan, W., Chen, M.H., et al., 2006. Discovery of seep carbonate nodules as new evidence of gas venting on the northern continental slope of South China Sea. Chineses Sceince Bulletin, 51(10): 1228-1237. doi: 10.1007/s11434-006-1228-8
      Cui, X.J., Xiang, R., Zheng, F., et al., 2006. A preliminary study of living planktonic foraminifera distribution and its affecting factors in southern South China Sea. Journal of Tropical Oceanography, 25(4): 25-30 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY200604004.htm
      Gao, J.X., Lü, C.G., Liu, B.C., et al., 1982. A preliminary study of carbonate and foraminifera in sediments in the Central Pacific. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 4(5): 586-594 (in Chinese).
      Guo, J.Q., Chen, R.H., Zhao, Q.Y., et al., 2006. Distribution of planktonic foraminifera in the surface sediment in the northern South China Sea and its environmental significance. Journal of Marine Sciences, 24(1): 19-27 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DHHY200601003.htm
      Hong, H.S., Qiu, S.Y., Ruan, W.Q., et al., 1991. Minnan-Taiwan Bank fishing groundupweling ecosystem study. In: Hong, H.S., Qiu, S.Y., Ruan, W.Q., et al., eds., Minnan-Taiwan Bank fishing ground upwelling ecosystem study. Science Press, Beijing, 1-17 (in Chinese).
      Li, X.J., Chen, F., Liu, J., et al., 2004. Distribution and its dissolution of carbonate in seafloor surface sediment in the western South China Sea. Geochimica, 33(3): 254-260 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://search.cnki.net/down/default.aspx?filename=DQHX200403003&dbcode=CJFD&year=2004&dflag=pdfdown
      Luo, Y.L., Feng, W.W., Lin, H.Z., 1994. Bottom sediment types and depositional characteristics of sediments of the South China Sea. Tropic Oceanology, 13(1): 47-54 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://europepmc.org/abstract/CBA/271058
      Luo, Y.L., Lao, H.N., Wang, L.Y., 1985. A preliminary study on the surface sediment types and their grain size characteristics of the northenstern part of the South China Sea. Tropic Oceanology, 4(1): 33-41 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY198501004.htm
      Tu, X., 1984. Dissolution of planktonic foraminifera in the central waters of the South China Sea—a preliminary study on carbonate dissolution. Tropic Oceanology, 3(4): 18-23 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY198404002.htm
      Wang, P.X., 1985. Hydrochemistry in paleo-ocean. In: Ocean Geology Department, ed., Introduction to paleoceanography. Tongji University Press, Shanghai, 1-316 (in Chinese).
      Wang, Y.J., Chen, M.H., Lu, J., et al., 2007. Distribution of calcareous nannofossils in surface sediments of South China Sea. Journal of Tropical Oceanography, 26(5): 26-34 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.zhangqiaokeyan.com/academic-journal-cn_journal-tropical-oceanography_thesis/0201252197213.html
      Wu, S.G., Luo, Y.L., 1994. The relict sediments in the south shelf of South China Sea. Tropic Oceanography, 13(3): 47-53 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY403.006.htm
      Xu, J., Huang, B.Q., Chen, R.H., et al., 2001. Distribution of foraminifera in surface sediments of northeastern South China Sea and its environmental implications. Journal of Tropical Oceanography, 20(4): 6-13 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://europepmc.org/abstract/cba/354100
      Yang, S.Y., Liu, S.G., Li, C.X., 2000. Chemical fluxes of Asian rivers into the ocean and their controlling factors. Marine Science Bulletin, 19(4): 22-28 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Shouye_Yang/publication/299538169_Marine_Science_Bulletin2001/links/56fe66d408aea6b77468c5b7.pdf
      Zhao, J.Q., 1996. Determination on calcium carbonate in the soil. Journal of Modern Agriculture, 11: 20-21 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Zheng, L.F., Chen, R.H., 1982. Dissolution of planktonic foraminifera and carbonate in deep sea. Marine Geological Collection of Translation, 5: 41-49.
      陈芳, 李学杰, 陈超云, 等, 2003. 南海西部表层沉积物钙质浮游生物分布与碳酸盐溶解. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 23(2): 33-38. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYDZ200302005.htm
      陈木宏, 陈绍谋, 1989. 南海碳酸盐溶解与深海沉积物类型. 热带海洋, 8(3): 20-26. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY198903002.htm
      陈木宏, 张兰兰, 张丽丽, 等, 2008a. 南海表层沉积物中放射虫多样性与丰度的分布与环境. 地球科学——中国地质大学学报, 33(4): 431-442. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX200804002.htm
      陈木宏, 张兰兰, 张丽丽, 等, 2008b. 南海表层沉积物中放射虫的组合特征与海洋环境. 地球科学——中国地质大学学报, 33(6): 775-782. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX200806005.htm
      陈荣华, 徐建, 孟翊, 等, 2003. 南海东北部表层沉积中微体化石与碳酸盐溶跃面和补偿深度. 海洋学报, 25(2): 48-56. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-4193.2003.02.006
      陈忠, 古森昌, 颜文, 等, 2002. 南沙海槽南部海区表层沉积物的碳酸盐沉积特征. 海洋学报, 24(5): 141-146. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-4193.2002.05.017
      陈忠, 颜文, 陈木宏, 等, 2006. 南海北部大陆坡冷泉碳酸盐结核的发现: 海底天然气渗漏活动的新证据. 科学通报, 51(9): 1065-1072. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2006.09.011
      崔喜江, 向荣, 郑范, 等, 2006. 南海南部活体浮游有孔虫分布特征及其影响因素初探. 热带海洋学报, 25(4): 25-30. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-5470.2006.04.005
      高建西, 吕成功, 刘彬昌, 等, 1982. 中太平洋西部沉积物中有孔虫和碳酸钙的初步研究. 海洋学报, 4(5): 586-594. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SEAC198205007.htm
      郭建卿, 陈荣华, 赵庆英, 等, 2006. 南海北部表层沉积物中浮游有孔虫分布特征与环境意义. 海洋学研究, 24(1): 19-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-909X.2006.01.003
      洪华生, 丘书院, 阮五崎, 等, 1991. 闽南-台湾浅滩渔场上升流区生态系统研究概述. 见: 洪华生, 丘书院, 阮五崎, 等编, 闽南-台湾浅滩渔场上升流区生态系统研究. 北京: 科学出版社, 1-17.
      李学杰, 陈芳, 刘坚, 等, 2004. 南海西部表层沉积物碳酸盐分布特征及其溶解作用. 地球化学, 33(3): 254-260. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0379-1726.2004.03.004
      罗又郎, 冯伟文, 林怀兆, 1994. 南海表层沉积类型与沉积作用若干特征. 热带海洋, 13(1): 47-54. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY401.006.htm
      罗又郎, 劳焕年, 王渌漪, 1985. 南海东北部表层沉积物类型与粒度特征的初步研究. 热带海洋, 4(1): 33-41. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY198501004.htm
      涂霞, 1984. 南海中部海区浮游有孔虫的溶解——碳酸盐溶解作用初探. 热带海洋, 3(4): 18-23. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY198404002.htm
      汪品先, 1985. 古海水化学. 见: 同济大学海洋地质系编, 古海洋学概论. 上海: 同济大学出版社, 1-316.
      王勇军, 陈木宏, 陆钧, 等, 2007. 南海表层沉积物中钙质超微化石分布特征. 热带海洋学报, 26(5): 26-34. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-5470.2007.05.005
      吴时国, 罗又郎, 1994. 南海南部大陆架的残留沉积. 热带海洋, 13(3): 47-53. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-RDHY403.006.htm
      徐建, 黄宝琦, 陈荣华, 等, 2001. 南海东北部表层沉积中有孔虫的分布及其环境意义. 热带海洋学报, 20(4): 6-13. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-5470.2001.04.002
      杨守业, 刘曙光, 李从先, 2000. 亚洲入海河流的化学通量及其控制因素. 海洋通报, 19(4): 22-28. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-6392.2000.04.004
      赵建青, 1996. 土壤中碳酸钙的测定. 现代农业, 11: 20-21. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDNY611.017.htm
      郑连福, 陈荣华, 1982. 浮游有孔虫与深海碳酸盐溶解作用. 海洋地质译丛, 5: 41-49. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYSY198205006.htm
    • 加载中
    图(5)
    计量
    • 文章访问数:  3769
    • HTML全文浏览量:  271
    • PDF下载量:  95
    • 被引次数: 0
    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2009-10-12
    • 刊出日期:  2010-11-01

    目录

      /

      返回文章
      返回