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    新疆阿尔泰东南缘哈拉乔拉镁铁质岩体地球化学特征与地质意义

    夏昭德 姜常义 卢荣辉

    夏昭德, 姜常义, 卢荣辉, 2012. 新疆阿尔泰东南缘哈拉乔拉镁铁质岩体地球化学特征与地质意义. 地球科学, 37(5): 937-946. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.102
    引用本文: 夏昭德, 姜常义, 卢荣辉, 2012. 新疆阿尔泰东南缘哈拉乔拉镁铁质岩体地球化学特征与地质意义. 地球科学, 37(5): 937-946. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.102
    XIA Zhao-de, JIANG Chang-yi, LU Rong-hui, 2012. Geochemical Characteristics and Geologic Implications of Halaqiaola Mafic Intrusion, Southeast Altai, Xinjiang. Earth Science, 37(5): 937-946. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.102
    Citation: XIA Zhao-de, JIANG Chang-yi, LU Rong-hui, 2012. Geochemical Characteristics and Geologic Implications of Halaqiaola Mafic Intrusion, Southeast Altai, Xinjiang. Earth Science, 37(5): 937-946. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.102

    新疆阿尔泰东南缘哈拉乔拉镁铁质岩体地球化学特征与地质意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.102
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 40534020

    国家自然科学基金项目 40872070

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项 CHD2010ZY008

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      夏昭德(1984-), 男, 讲师, 主要从事镁铁-超镁铁岩研究.E-mail: karlde@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P59

    Geochemical Characteristics and Geologic Implications of Halaqiaola Mafic Intrusion, Southeast Altai, Xinjiang

    • 摘要: 哈拉乔拉镁铁质岩体位于新疆阿尔泰造山带东南缘, 主要岩石类型有辉长岩、辉长苏长岩、含长辉石岩、橄榄辉长岩和橄长岩.哈拉乔拉岩体具有低TiO2(0.09%~1.28%)、低碱(Na2O+K2O=0.37%~0.78%)的特点, 属于拉斑玄武岩系列; 富集大离子亲石元素和轻稀土元素, 亏损高场强元素(Nb、Ta等), εNd(t)为-2.62~-0.78, εSr(t)为37.49~45.28.元素地球化学和Nd-Sr同位素组成表明, 岩浆源区为被消减板片交代改造过的富集型岩石圈地幔.原生岩浆为高镁拉斑玄武岩浆, 岩浆演化过程中主要发生了橄榄石、单斜辉石以及斜长石的分离结晶/堆晶, 后期有钛铁矿的析出.

       

    • 图  1  哈拉乔拉构造位置(据张元元等,2007)及岩体地质图(胡忠德,2009)

      1.第四系;2.第三系橄榄玄武岩;3.哈巴河中亚群;4.橄榄辉长岩;5.辉石岩;6.辉长岩;7.花岗岩

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic location of Halaqiaola and Geological map of Halaqiaola intrusion

      图  2  岩石显微照片

      a.橄长岩中的包橄结构与反应边结构,单偏光;b.橄榄辉长岩中反应边结构,单偏光;c.橄榄辉长岩中的含长结构,单偏光;d.辉长苏长岩中的后期结晶的钛铁矿,单偏光

      Fig.  2.  Photomicrographs for rocks

      图  3  SiO2-FeOT*/MgO图解(Miyashiro, 1974)

      Fig.  3.  SiO2 vs. FeOT*/MgO diagram

      图  4  (a) 球粒陨石标准化的稀土元素配分曲线图(球粒陨石标准化值据McDonough and Sun, 1995);(b)原始地幔标准化的多元素配分曲线图(原始地幔标准值据McDonough and Sun, 1995)

      Fig.  4.  (a) Chondrite-normalized REE patterns; (b) PM-normalized trace elements spider diagram

      图  5  εNd(t)-(87Sr/86Sr)i相关图(据Zindler and Hart, 1986)

      Fig.  5.  εNd(t) versus initial 87Sr/86Sr of the intrusion

      图  6  207Pb/204Pb-206Pb/204Pb和208Pb/204Pb-206Pb/204Pb相关图(据Zindler and Hart, 1986Allègre et al., 1988)

      Fig.  6.  207Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb versus 206Pb/204Pb of the intrusion

      图  7  MgO与其他氧化物及微量元素相关图解

      Fig.  7.  Other oxides and trace elements versus MgO of the intrusion

      图  8  La/Ba-La/Nb以及Nb/Zr-Th/Zr图解(据Woodhead et al., 2001)

      Fig.  8.  La/Ba vs. La/Nb and Nb/Zr-Th/Zr relation

      表  1  哈拉乔拉岩体中橄榄石、辉石电子探针分析数据(%)

      Table  1.   Electron microprobe analytical data of olivines and pyroxenes of Halaqiaola intrusion (%)

      No. 岩石名称 矿物 SiO2 TiO2 Al2O3 Cr2O3 FeO MnO MgO NiO CaO Na2O K2O Total 端员组成 矿物种属
      HL-05-6 橄榄
      辉长岩
      Ol 38.91 0.01 0.01 0.00 21.73 0.30 39.74 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.02 100.74 Fo77Fa23 贵橄榄石
      HL-05-8 Ol 38.17 0.00 0.00 0.03 23.79 0.36 37.61 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 100.00 Fo74Fa26 贵橄榄石
      HL-05-2 Ol 38.17 0.01 0.00 0.04 21.53 0.07 38.55 0.00 0.03 0.02 0.00 98.43 Fo74Fa26 贵橄榄石
      HL-05-3 Ol 37.95 0.00 0.01 0.00 21.31 0.12 39.21 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01 98.65 Fo74Fa26 贵橄榄石
      HL-02-1 橄长岩 Ol 38.85 0.02 0.01 0.03 19.88 0.20 38.74 0.00 0.03 0.32 0.07 98.15 Fo78Fa22 贵橄榄石
      HL-02-5 Ol 38.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.47 0.18 38.50 0.00 0.02 0.05 0.02 97.78 Fo77Fa23 贵橄榄石
      HL-02-6 Ol 39.59 0.00 0.01 0.02 18.96 0.16 39.67 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.00 98.46 Fo79Fa21 贵橄榄石
      HL-05-3 橄榄
      辉长岩
      Cpx 51.95 0.20 2.88 0.05 6.27 0.28 14.71 0.00 16.29 0.15 0.00 92.77 En49Fs12Wo39 普通辉石
      HL-05-1 Cpx 49.96 0.28 3.16 0.02 5.11 0.06 14.28 0.00 23.47 0.08 0.00 96.43 En42Fs8Wo50 透辉石
      HL-05-4 Cpx 48.11 0.34 3.73 0.01 6.29 0.00 14.43 0.02 21.01 0.20 0.02 94.16 En44Fs11Wo45 透辉石
      HL-02-4 橄长岩 Cpx 43.85 0.22 10.99 0.00 6.82 0.12 15.48 0.00 12.11 1.24 0.18 90.99 En55Fs14Wo31 普通辉石
      HL-02-7 Cpx 46.21 0.09 11.68 0.00 7.53 0.05 16.36 0.00 12.55 1.36 0.15 95.99 En55Fs14Wo30 普通辉石
      HL-14-6 含长
      辉石岩
      Cpx 44.94 0.00 14.43 0.03 9.69 0.20 15.74 0.00 7.76 1.48 0.25 94.51 En59Fs20Wo21 普通辉石
      HL-14-7 Cpx 45.39 0.06 13.98 0.00 10.24 0.10 14.13 0.00 8.61 1.62 0.19 94.32 En54Fs22Wo24 普通辉石
      HL-14-8 Cpx 45.10 0.12 15.02 0.00 10.64 0.09 13.73 0.00 8.60 1.75 0.20 95.25 En53Fs23Wo24 普通辉石
      HL-05-5 橄榄
      辉长岩
      Opx 53.14 0.00 2.58 0.00 13.33 0.08 26.98 0.00 0.40 0.02 0.01 96.54 En78Fs21Wo1 古铜辉石
      HL-05-1 Opx 51.91 0.00 2.32 0.00 13.72 0.32 26.10 0.00 0.22 0.05 0.02 94.67 En77Fs23 古铜辉石
      HL-18-3 辉长岩 Opx 52.97 0.00 1.98 0.00 16.79 0.17 20.10 0.04 0.34 0.08 0.01 92.48 En68Fs31Wo1 紫苏辉石
      HL-09-1 辉长
      苏长岩
      Opx 52.47 0.14 1.38 0.04 20.03 0.08 22.77 0.02 1.15 0.01 0.01 98.11 En66Fs32Wo2 紫苏辉石
      注:本数据由长安大学成矿动力学实验室采用JXI-8100型电子探针分析,电流1.0×10-8,电压15 kV.端元计算公式:Fo=Mg/(Mg+Fe)×100,Fa=Fe/(Mg+Fe)×100;Wo=Ca/(Ca+Mg+Fe)×100,En=Mg/(Ca+Mg+Fe)×100,Fs=Fe/(Ca+Mg+Fe)×100 (式中Mg、Fe、Ca都为分子数).
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  哈拉乔拉岩体的岩石化学组成(%)

      Table  2.   Petrochemical composition (%) of Halaqiaola intrusion

      Sample 岩石名称 SiO2 TiO2 Al2O3 Fe2O3T MnO MgO CaO Na2O K2O P2O5 LOI Total Mg# m/f
      HL-02 43.68 0.14 19.47 9.33 0.15 12.83 13.06 0.35 0.02 0.02 0.53 99.58 0.73 2.75
      HL-12 橄长岩 43.61 0.1 18.67 10.09 0.15 15.26 10.12 0.34 0.05 0.03 1.09 99.51 0.75 3.02
      HL-13 43.64 0.12 18.64 9.92 1.14 15.1 10.13 0.38 0.07 0.02 1.47 99.63 0.75 3.04
      HL-03 42.85 0.09 22.47 8.63 0.13 10.72 12.58 0.36 0.07 0.02 1.67 99.59 0.71 2.48
      HL-10 橄榄辉长岩 43.82 0.11 23.28 7.84 0.12 10.23 12.52 0.46 0.08 0.05 1.05 99.56 0.72 2.6
      HL-05 44.51 0.14 20.68 8.02 0.13 10.62 13.94 0.35 0.03 0.03 1.19 99.64 0.73 2.64
      HL-09 辉长苏长岩 44.84 1.02 20.13 13.78 0.18 6.92 10.43 0.71 0.07 0.06 1.42 99.56 0.5 1
      HL-08 43.89 1.28 17.86 15.14 0.2 7.46 12.42 0.62 0.06 0.06 0.69 99.68 0.5 0.98
      HL-17 45.57 0.68 18.72 12.62 0.17 9.74 9.59 0.61 0.05 0.05 1.7 99.5 0.61 1.54
      HL-16 辉长岩 44.97 0.27 16.93 10.26 0.15 12.62 11.27 0.44 0.06 0.02 2.51 99.5 0.71 2.46
      HL-18 45.66 0.68 18.57 12.61 0.17 9.88 9.56 0.53 0.09 0.05 1.71 99.51 0.61 1.56
      HL-14 含长辉石岩 42.58 0.22 15.64 10.8 0.14 17.42 8.04 0.53 0.1 0.04 4.04 99.55 0.76 3.22
      HL-15 42.33 0.21 13.21 11.52 0.16 19.53 7.14 0.46 0.1 0.05 4.94 99.65 0.77 3.38
      注:本数据由西北大学大陆动力学实验室采用X荧光光谱仪(3080E)分析.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  哈拉乔拉岩体的稀土微量元素数据(10-6)

      Table  3.   Rare earth elements and trace elements abundances data of Halaqiaola intrusion

      Sample HL-02 HL-12 HL-13 HL-03 HL-10 HL-05 HL-09 HL-08 HL-17 HL-16 HL-18 HL-14 HL-15
      岩石名称 橄长岩 橄榄辉长岩 辉长苏长岩 辉长岩 含长辉石岩
      Sc 22.39 12.36 13.8 8.98 9.12 26.59 32.17 43.69 25.55 30.81 27.46 12.84 14.48
      V 78.03 60.6 67.06 52.59 53.55 89.29 462.4 568.6 387.9 32.95 394.6 88.11 87.58
      Cr 416.4 379.9 356.9 284.2 276.7 450.5 76.34 47.76 238.6 159.7 253.4 384.3 484
      Mn 1 305 1 280 1 262 1 112 1 014 1 095 1 667 1 757 1 522 400 1 464 1 260 1 461
      Co 69.43 83.01 81.47 64.42 65.64 63.11 57.88 62.8 70.31 17.24 72.65 86.48 91.35
      Ni 85.78 232.6 226.4 119.6 159.1 86.45 54.84 63.84 131.6 31.51 149.8 243.9 275
      Cu 74.94 20.74 29.36 55.02 134.2 101.3 71.18 111.9 145.9 15.38 125.4 45.6 49.81
      Zn 57.52 72.92 74.16 60 51.49 50.78 138.5 140.4 108.6 15.11 108 84.58 88.03
      Rb 2.4 2.45 2.72 2.44 2.55 1.52 2.95 2.16 2.22 1.08 2.36 1.82 2.61
      Sr 248.1 238 242.6 281.8 305.8 269 342.4 316.3 278.8 192.3 269.1 168.2 83.44
      Y 2.08 1.55 1.85 1.31 1.84 2.02 3.77 6.53 2.45 2.85 3.81 3.16 3.28
      Zr 6.39 5.34 7.04 4.69 11.06 5.54 12.91 18.59 8.19 2.88 10.95 14.28 15.16
      Nb 0.27 0.3 0.35 0.31 0.55 0.2 1.16 1.51 0.8 0.05 0.85 0.75 0.79
      Cs 0.1 0.16 0.14 0.1 0.11 0.04 0.19 0.1 0.25 0.09 0.31 0.17 0.21
      Ba 42.41 26.03 23.26 80.48 72.01 30.41 87.82 134.3 43.28 32.63 53.7 23.06 25.98
      Hf 0.18 0.17 0.22 0.15 0.28 0.17 0.39 0.59 0.25 0.11 0.36 0.41 0.42
      Ta 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.08 0.09 0.06 0.01 0.06 0.05 0.05
      Pb 1.31 1.27 1.23 2.14 8.15 1 2.85 6.97 2.05 0.38 2.23 1.33 1.17
      Bi 0.11 0.06 0.07 0.24 0.56 0.02 0.14 0.16 0.08 0.03 0.05 0.18 0.31
      Th 0.19 0.26 0.28 0.26 0.45 0.15 0.35 0.29 0.27 0.22 0.29 0.6 0.56
      U 0.07 0.1 0.09 0.18 0.16 0.05 0.18 0.16 0.11 0.08 0.12 0.18 0.21
      La 0.92 0.98 1.11 1.06 1.58 0.84 2.74 2.66 1.77 1.06 2.02 2.02 2.03
      Ce 2.1 2.16 2.5 2.24 3.33 1.92 5.69 6.21 3.6 2.08 4.75 4.46 4.6
      Pr 0.28 0.27 0.33 0.28 0.4 0.25 0.7 0.86 0.42 0.33 0.64 0.58 0.63
      Nd 1.4 1.23 1.46 1.25 1.71 1.31 3.11 4.4 1.76 1.63 2.96 2.59 2.76
      Sm 0.35 0.28 0.37 0.27 0.38 0.36 0.71 1.17 0.4 0.46 0.68 0.64 0.68
      Eu 0.23 0.16 0.18 0.21 0.25 0.24 0.6 0.69 0.29 0.24 0.35 0.24 0.25
      Gd 0.46 0.39 0.41 0.36 0.5 0.47 0.91 1.44 0.52 0.6 0.83 0.71 0.79
      Tb 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.13 0.23 0.08 0.1 0.13 0.11 0.12
      Dy 0.48 0.32 0.39 0.27 0.39 0.44 0.76 1.43 0.47 0.63 0.79 0.67 0.7
      Ho 0.1 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.08 0.09 0.17 0.31 0.11 0.13 0.17 0.14 0.14
      Er 0.29 0.21 0.24 0.17 0.25 0.26 0.53 0.88 0.35 0.38 0.51 0.4 0.43
      Tm 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.12 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.06 0.06
      Yb 0.26 0.23 0.26 0.17 0.24 0.25 0.56 0.83 0.43 0.41 0.55 0.4 0.41
      Lu 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.09 0.13 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.06
      ∑REE 7.02 6.42 7.47 6.43 9.24 6.58 16.77 21.37 10.32 8.14 14.53 13.08 13.63
      δEu 1.75 1.46 1.41 2.08 1.71 1.77 2.28 1.61 1.96 1.39 1.43 1.1 1.03
      (La/Yb)N 2.45 2.86 2.93 4.17 4.55 2.3 3.35 2.17 2.82 1.77 2.51 3.39 3.39
      (La/Sm)N 1.63 2.18 1.86 2.42 2.59 1.45 2.4 1.42 2.79 1.45 1.86 1.98 1.87
      (Gd/Yb)N 1.47 1.37 1.29 1.69 1.72 1.52 1.32 1.4 0.98 1.19 1.22 1.42 1.57
      注:本数据由长安大学西部矿产资源与地质工程教育部重点实验室采用X7型ICP-MS分析, δEu=2EuN/(SmN+GdN), EuN、SmN、GdN等为球粒陨石标准化数值, 据McDonough and Sun(1995).
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  哈拉乔拉岩体Nd-Sr-Pb同位素数据

      Table  4.   The isotopic compositions of Nd, Sr and Pb for Halaqiaola intrusion

      Sample 岩石名称 87Rb/86Sr 87Sr/86Sr (87Sr/86Sr)i εSr(t)
      HL-003 橄榄辉长岩 0.025 1 0.706 8 0.706 7 37.49
      HL-017 辉长岩 0.023 0.707 3 0.707 2 44.98
      HL-008 辉长苏长岩 0.019 8 0.707 3 0.707 2 45.28
      Sample 岩石名称 147Sm/144Nd 143Nd/144Nd (143Nd/144Nd)i εNd(t)
      HL-003 橄榄辉长岩 0.132 8 0.512 3 0.512 0 -2.39
      HL-017 辉长岩 0.1364 0.512 3 0.512 0 -2.62
      HL-008 辉长苏长岩 0.161 6 0.512 5 0.512 1 -0.78
      Sample 岩石名称 206Pb/204Pb 207Pb/204Pb 208Pb/204Pb (206Pb/204Pb)i (207Pb/204Pb)i (208Pb/204Pb)i
      HL-003 橄榄辉长岩 18.033 15.491 37.874 17.639 4 15.469 37.693 5
      HL-017 辉长岩 18.276 15.507 37.933 18.015 5 15.492 8 37.740 9
      HL-008 辉长苏长岩 18.26 15.587 38.304 18.149 2 15.580 9 38.242 4
      注:计算参数:λ(Sr)=1.42×10-11 a-1,λ(Nd)=0.654×10-11 a-1,(87Sr/86Sr)UR=0.704 5,(143Nd/144Nd)UR=0.512 638,t=274 Ma.HD样品由中国科学院广州地球化学研究所采用MC-ICP-MS法分析.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2011-11-09
    • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-10
    • 刊出日期:  2012-09-15

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