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    黔东震旦-寒武系转换期碎屑锆石年龄及其地质意义

    杨恩林 吕新彪 石平 吴波 刘文 狄永宁

    杨恩林, 吕新彪, 石平, 吴波, 刘文, 狄永宁, 2014. 黔东震旦-寒武系转换期碎屑锆石年龄及其地质意义. 地球科学, 39(4): 387-398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.037
    引用本文: 杨恩林, 吕新彪, 石平, 吴波, 刘文, 狄永宁, 2014. 黔东震旦-寒武系转换期碎屑锆石年龄及其地质意义. 地球科学, 39(4): 387-398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.037
    Yang Enlin, Lü Xinbiao, Shi Ping, Wu Bo, Liu Wen, Di Yongning, 2014. Detrital Zircon Age of Stratigraphic Sinian-Cambrian in East Guizhou and Its Geological Significance. Earth Science, 39(4): 387-398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.037
    Citation: Yang Enlin, Lü Xinbiao, Shi Ping, Wu Bo, Liu Wen, Di Yongning, 2014. Detrital Zircon Age of Stratigraphic Sinian-Cambrian in East Guizhou and Its Geological Significance. Earth Science, 39(4): 387-398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.037

    黔东震旦-寒武系转换期碎屑锆石年龄及其地质意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.037
    基金项目: 

    “十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目05子课题 2011BAB06B04-05

    贵州地矿局地质科研项目 200901

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      杨恩林(1978-),男,工程师,博士生,主要从事沉积学研究.E-mail: 155060162@qq.com

      通讯作者:

      吕新彪,E-mail: lvxb_01@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P597

    Detrital Zircon Age of Stratigraphic Sinian-Cambrian in East Guizhou and Its Geological Significance

    • 摘要: 通过对注溪地层剖面岩性、含矿性及接触关系进行详细考察,及对其黑色岩系中长石岩屑砂岩进行碎屑锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb测年,获得84组有效年龄,其中864~742 Ma年龄最集中,表明新元古代黔东地区存在大规模的岩浆活动.江南造山带为黔东早寒武世黑色岩系的主要沉积物源区,而钒等成矿元素源于基性-超基性侵入岩体.雪峰运动导致这些含矿岩体剥顶,大量金属元素注入海洋.海侵海底缺氧,富含这些成矿元素藻类死亡,钒等金属元素随同有机质进入沉积物中,在利于其沉淀富集的留茶坡和九门冲组地层成矿.536 Ma为留茶坡组最后接受沉积时限和九门冲组最大沉积年龄,震旦与寒武系界线位于留茶坡组中上部硅质岩中,清水江组地层岩性的变形、变质和角度不整合于上覆、下伏地层的现象为雪峰运动地质效应.

       

    • 图  1  注溪钒矿床地质略图(a)和研究区大地构造单元(b) (图a据贵州地矿局117地质队资料,2011修改)

      Fig.  1.  The simplified geological map of the Zhuxi vanadium deposit (a), and the tectonic location and tectonic units division of the studied area (b)

      图  2  注溪钒矿床老屋基地层柱状剖面

      Fig.  2.  Stratigraphic in Laowuji of the Zhuxi vanadium deposit

      图  3  长石岩屑砂岩露头(a)和显微镜下照片(b)

      Fig.  3.  Photos of the feldspar lithic sandstone in outcrop and under microscope

      图  4  长石岩屑砂岩代表性锆石CL图像(图中圆为锆石U-Pb测年位置,其编号与表 1中一致)

      Fig.  4.  CL images of selected zircons from Jiumenchong Formation

      图  5  九门冲组碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄谐和图

      Fig.  5.  U-Pb concordia plots of detrital zircon from Jiumenchong Formation

      图  6  九门冲组碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄图谱

      Fig.  6.  U-Pb histograms and relative probability plots of detrital zircon from Jiumenchong Formation

      图  7  江南造山带新元古代部分岩体分布(据王敏,2012修改)

      Fig.  7.  The distribution of partly igneous rocks in Neroproterozoic from the Jiangnan orogen

      图  8  江南造山带新元古代岩体年龄统计直方图(数据来源李献华等, 1999, 2002葛文春等,2001王敏,2012)

      a.所统计岩体年龄;b.中酸性岩体年龄;c.基性-超基性岩体年龄

      Fig.  8.  Age histograms of igneous rocks in Neroproterozoic from the Jiangnan orogen

      表  1  九门冲组碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄测试结果

      Table  1.   U-Pb isotopic data for detrital zircons from Jiumenchong Formation

      测点号 含量(10-6) 207Pb/206Pb 206Pb/238U(Ma) 谐和度(%)
      Pb Th U 比值 1σ 比值 1σ 比值 1σ 年龄 1σ 年龄 1σ 年龄 1σ
      1 132 412 408 0.062 86 0.002 90 1.061 73 0.047 04 0.122 44 0.001 90 702 94 735 23 745 11 98
      2 145 288 426 0.069 98 0.003 16 1.488 85 0.066 18 0.153 29 0.002 13 928 93 926 27 919 12 99
      3 35 72 117 0.079 01 0.005 47 1.373 37 0.094 38 0.127 16 0.003 06 1 172 138 878 40 772 17 87
      4 177 455 562 0.066 20 0.003 13 1.189 95 0.052 61 0.129 64 0.001 77 813 100 796 24 786 10 98
      5 115 353 256 0.067 91 0.004 48 1.188 03 0.074 88 0.127 13 0.002 30 865 137 795 35 771 13 96
      6 67 179 217 0.066 49 0.003 95 1.175 87 0.065 50 0.128 51 0.002 30 822 124 789 31 779 13 98
      7 184 427 600 0.066 64 0.002 88 1.324 83 0.052 80 0.143 45 0.001 94 828 85 857 23 864 11 99
      8 52 147 140 0.075 08 0.005 54 1.376 59 0.097 03 0.135 07 0.002 92 1 072 149 879 41 817 17 92
      9 35 73 143 0.072 93 0.005 31 1.330 88 0.088 63 0.134 93 0.003 33 1 013 148 859 39 816 19 94
      10 326 824 1 204 0.065 53 0.002 42 1.169 33 0.043 75 0.127 56 0.001 58 791 78 786 20 774 9 98
      11 148 317 623 0.066 00 0.002 74 1.254 27 0.049 92 0.136 89 0.001 74 806 92 825 22 827 10 99
      12 250 909 352 0.063 47 0.003 04 1.132 99 0.054 15 0.128 23 0.002 01 724 106 769 26 778 11 98
      13 265 735 420 0.068 99 0.003 14 1.462 46 0.065 46 0.152 33 0.002 46 898 -105 915 27 914 14 99
      14 107 270 369 0.061 50 0.003 28 1.042 38 0.052 77 0.123 09 0.002 28 657 115 725 26 748 13 96
      15 295 772 848 0.060 11 0.002 23 1.144 73 0.045 60 0.137 19 0.002 30 609 81 775 22 829 13 93
      16 252 504 421 0.088 03 0.004 62 1.707 72 0.100 44 0.137 36 0.002 83 1 383 100 1 011 38 830 16 80
      17 227 608 780 0.063 62 0.002 58 1.086 82 0.041 96 0.122 89 0.001 72 728 86 747 20 747 10 99
      18 64 160 190 0.067 15 0.004 31 1.199 49 0.070 61 0.129 84 0.002 66 843 135 800 33 787 15 98
      19 83 223 235 0.058 71 0.003 91 1.168 81 0.067 02 0.142 32 0.003 02 567 114 786 31 858 17 91
      20 172 356 634 0.062 80 0.003 34 1.280 24 0.051 90 0.140 48 0.001 83 702 114 837 23 847 10 98
      21 43 124 162 0.077 10 0.007 37 1.088 86 0.084 02 0.108 23 0.004 00 1124 192 748 41 662 23 87
      22 174 408 686 0.065 99 0.002 80 1.215 79 0.045 50 0.130 79 0.001 86 806 90 808 21 792 11 98
      23 159 387 472 0.064 81 0.003 14 1.282 27 0.056 92 0.143 06 0.002 26 769 108 838 25 862 13 97
      24 114 334 242 0.070 46 0.004 03 1.263 83 0.074 68 0.129 71 0.002 56 943 117 830 34 786 15 94
      25 61 141 215 0.067 77 0.004 06 1.179 98 0.070 49 0.127 24 0.002 55 861 125 791 33 772 15 97
      26 64 127 235 0.068 33 0.003 56 1.334 47 0.068 95 0.142 12 0.002 63 880 107 861 30 857 15 99
      27 247 630 902 0.070 81 0.004 66 1.243 21 0.079 16 0.126 80 0.001 49 954 135 820 36 770 9 93
      28 93 299 221 0.071 33 0.004 89 1.167 84 0.072 31 0.122 06 0.002 56 969 141 786 34 742 15 94
      29 157 498 431 0.067 40 0.003 05 1.141 34 0.050 68 0.122 89 0.001 93 850 94 773 24 747 11 96
      30 135 345 473 0.063 34 0.002 76 1.080 20 0.047 26 0.122 95 0.001 64 720 88 744 23 748 9 99
      31 144 557 621 0.060 17 0.002 96 0.740 59 0.035 21 0.089 49 0.001 26 609 112 563 21 553 7 98
      32 110 223 425 0.070 59 0.003 27 1.321 23 0.060 71 0.134 82 0.001 87 946 96 855 27 815 11 95
      33 280 656 728 0.062 96 0.002 60 1.244 23 0.050 16 0.142 28 0.001 91 706 88 821 23 858 11 95
      34 231 593 654 0.066 33 0.002 64 1.296 01 0.050 30 0.140 70 0.001 88 817 83 844 22 849 11 99
      35 226 699 907 0.059 73 0.002 29 0.900 70 0.035 21 0.108 34 0.001 49 594 83 652 19 663 9 98
      36 66 168 195 0.062 13 0.003 77 1.169 11 0.070 19 0.136 30 0.002 33 680 130 786 33 824 13 95
      37 131 301 596 0.070 27 0.003 28 1.039 65 0.047 68 0.107 62 0.001 51 936 95 724 24 659 9 90
      38 117 354 322 0.063 76 0.003 20 1.123 19 0.058 88 0.127 92 0.002 36 744 102 765 28 776 13 98
      39 70 185 191 0.066 92 0.005 10 1.219 83 0.085 00 0.134 78 0.003 03 835 127 810 39 815 17 99
      40 69 176 196 0.065 35 0.004 28 1.246 62 0.073 01 0.142 17 0.003 17 787 137 822 33 857 18 95
      41 113 257 388 0.064 00 0.003 08 1.273 94 0.061 61 0.142 58 0.002 28 743 102 834 28 859 13 97
      42 135 367 343 0.067 76 0.003 19 1.327 40 0.060 81 0.140 80 0.001 98 861 103 858 27 849 11 98
      43 99 244 296 0.072 26 0.004 29 1.275 24 0.073 10 0.127 57 0.001 98 994 116 835 33 774 11 92
      44 261 235 388 0.106 64 0.003 96 4.995 41 0.179 71 0.335 70 0.005 58 1 743 68 1 819 30 1 866 27 97
      45 87 231 271 0.071 28 0.004 33 1.338 01 0.077 69 0.136 16 0.002 37 965 125 862 34 823 13 95
      46 95 248 331 0.064 28 0.003 35 1.128 41 0.057 16 0.127 28 0.002 06 750 111 767 27 772 12 99
      47 102 275 269 0.071 74 0.003 97 1.378 09 0.071 66 0.142 35 0.004 23 989 113 880 31 858 24 97
      48 269 501 843 0.073 38 0.003 06 1.567 88 0.062 60 0.153 73 0.001 95 1 033 84 958 25 922 11 96
      49 79 188 478 0.068 84 0.003 82 0.856 33 0.046 47 0.089 74 0.001 41 894 115 628 25 554 8 87
      50 216 375 726 0.084 66 0.003 64 1.615 59 0.070 29 0.136 69 0.001 72 1 309 84 976 27 826 10 83
      51 235 456 648 0.063 83 0.002 23 1.260 08 0.043 27 0.142 46 0.001 90 744 74 828 19 859 11 96
      52 112 283 299 0.061 84 0.003 38 1.138 09 0.060 12 0.134 36 0.002 26 733 119 772 29 813 13 94
      53 109 298 726 0.053 70 0.002 63 0.643 82 0.033 02 0.086 68 0.001 50 367 111 505 20 536 9 94
      54 92 214 285 0.072 16 0.003 72 1.333 64 0.065 26 0.136 09 0.002 11 991 104 860 28 823 12 95
      55 100 158 413 0.065 29 0.003 04 1.285 42 0.058 35 0.142 41 0.001 73 783 98 839 26 858 10 97
      56 162 373 605 0.062 59 0.002 39 1.110 58 0.043 24 0.127 52 0.001 52 694 81 758 21 774 9 98
      57 157 310 745 0.061 14 0.002 57 1.075 71 0.043 54 0.127 64 0.001 83 643 91 742 21 774 10 95
      58 46 98 152 0.062 99 0.003 95 1.159 08 0.075 03 0.133 88 0.003 09 709 133 782 35 810 18 96
      59 28 45 106 0.091 43 0.006 51 1.923 96 0.135 16 0.156 92 0.004 09 1 455 137 1 089 47 940 23 85
      60 54 98 210 0.060 50 0.003 24 1.321 99 0.070 52 0.156 99 0.002 72 620 116 855 31 940 15 90
      61 103 141 478 0.061 67 0.003 46 1.207 62 0.063 14 0.142 26 0.002 48 663 125 804 29 857 14 93
      62 127 321 463 0.067 81 0.003 27 1.009 87 0.049 38 0.107 53 0.001 71 863 100 709 25 658 10 92
      63 222 410 850 0.067 25 0.002 56 1.337 00 0.052 23 0.141 85 0.002 02 856 80 862 23 855 11 99
      64 210 529 511 0.068 35 0.003 08 1.301 88 0.058 38 0.136 03 0.001 75 880 93 847 26 822 10 97
      65 87 201 319 0.065 99 0.003 74 1.158 59 0.066 08 0.126 88 0.002 12 806 119 781 31 770 12 98
      66 271 665 783 0.063 53 0.002 64 1.200 41 0.049 04 0.135 73 0.001 65 728 89 801 23 820 9 97
      67 99 229 297 0.082 58 0.004 26 1.378 71 0.066 20 0.122 22 0.002 02 1261 106 880 28 743 12 83
      68 334 30 905 0.113 69 0.003 47 5.346 99 0.167 63 0.338 92 0.004 10 1859 55 1 876 27 1 881 20 99
      69 65 196 345 0.058 67 0.004 22 0.715 93 0.049 66 0.090 01 0.001 71 554 157 548 29 556 10 98
      70 146 345 335 0.085 84 0.004 35 1.559 60 0.069 77 0.134 30 0.002 43 1 400 97 954 28 812 14 83
      71 135 426 446 0.071 40 0.004 15 0.991 78 0.056 91 0.101 51 0.001 51 969 114 700 29 623 9 88
      72 325 880 646 0.076 44 0.003 29 1.480 49 0.061 51 0.140 42 0.002 12 1 106 86 922 25 847 12 91
      73 119 306 266 0.070 26 0.003 97 1.276 65 0.065 39 0.133 83 0.002 38 1 000 116 835 29 810 14 96
      74 188 429 513 0.070 67 0.003 39 1.334 17 0.068 09 0.135 68 0.002 29 948 94 861 30 820 13 95
      75 192 402 521 0.075 49 0.003 34 1.423 50 0.063 76 0.136 01 0.002 01 1 083 89 899 27 822 11 91
      76 114 281 318 0.068 42 0.003 62 1.334 90 0.071 48 0.142 10 0.002 62 881 109 861 31 857 15 99
      77 970 2 885 2 544 0.068 13 0.002 03 1.166 93 0.035 57 0.123 24 0.001 60 872 62 785 17 749 9 95
      78 39 89 99 0.079 58 0.006 51 1.398 63 0.106 96 0.133 71 0.003 78 1 187 162 888 45 809 21 90
      79 303 478 913 0.069 60 0.002 40 1.731 65 0.060 89 0.178 93 0.002 44 917 71 1 020 23 1 061 13 96
      80 104 244 393 0.062 54 0.003 58 1.097 78 0.060 98 0.127 58 0.002 17 692 122 752 30 774 12 97
      81 331 778 1 029 0.067 59 0.002 89 1.280 92 0.052 46 0.136 60 0.001 75 857 89 837 23 825 10 98
      82 213 334 1 285 0.072 16 0.002 72 1.084 47 0.039 86 0.108 33 0.001 53 991 71 746 19 663 9 88
      83 173 497 457 0.065 50 0.003 19 1.199 77 0.062 41 0.130 13 0.002 17 791 108 800 29 789 12 98
      84 103 146 470 0.063 54 0.002 95 1.254 28 0.059 43 0.142 29 0.002 31 728 94 825 27 858 13 96
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