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    基于岩石薄片的鲕粒碳酸盐岩地球化学溶蚀

    方旸 谢淑云 何治亮 刘银 鲍征宇 沃玉进 张殿伟

    方旸, 谢淑云, 何治亮, 刘银, 鲍征宇, 沃玉进, 张殿伟, 2016. 基于岩石薄片的鲕粒碳酸盐岩地球化学溶蚀. 地球科学, 41(5): 779-791. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.066
    引用本文: 方旸, 谢淑云, 何治亮, 刘银, 鲍征宇, 沃玉进, 张殿伟, 2016. 基于岩石薄片的鲕粒碳酸盐岩地球化学溶蚀. 地球科学, 41(5): 779-791. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.066
    Fang Yang, Xie Shuyun, He Zhiliang, Liu Yin, Bao Zhengyu, Wo Yujin, Zhang Dianwei, 2016. Thin Section-Based Geochemical Dissolution Experiments of Ooid Carbonates. Earth Science, 41(5): 779-791. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.066
    Citation: Fang Yang, Xie Shuyun, He Zhiliang, Liu Yin, Bao Zhengyu, Wo Yujin, Zhang Dianwei, 2016. Thin Section-Based Geochemical Dissolution Experiments of Ooid Carbonates. Earth Science, 41(5): 779-791. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.066

    基于岩石薄片的鲕粒碳酸盐岩地球化学溶蚀

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.066
    基金项目: 

    国家重大专项项目 2008ZX05005

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目 2012CB214802

    中国石油化工股份有限公司项目 P14038

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      方旸(1988-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事碳酸盐岩储层溶解动力学的研究工作.E-mail: fangy123jnby@gmail.com

      通讯作者:

      谢淑云,E-mail: tinaxie@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P599

    Thin Section-Based Geochemical Dissolution Experiments of Ooid Carbonates

    • 摘要: 为了更好地认识鲕粒灰岩及鲕粒云岩的溶蚀机制,并指导油气勘探,通过岩石薄片溶蚀模拟实验,结合环境扫描观察和能谱分析进行原位微观形貌观察和分析,并采用分形与多重分形对能谱面扫描图像进行分析.实验结果显示,硫酸介质下鲕粒灰岩溶蚀从结构缺陷点(解理或裂隙)开始,钙含量高的点溶蚀速率快,而钙含量低的点和含硅部分溶蚀慢或不溶蚀,从而形成凹凸不平的溶蚀坑孔隙空间;而鲕粒云岩在硫酸介质中的溶蚀从白云石晶体间裂隙开始,这是因为颗粒及颗粒间有大量微裂隙.相同条件下,鲕粒云岩的溶蚀丢失质量比鲕粒灰岩多出约80%,这表明硫酸介质对白云岩具有更强的溶蚀能力.通过对溶蚀微观形貌的观察发现,硫酸对鲕粒白云岩结构的破坏作用而形成的颗粒状表面,更有利于溶蚀作用的深入进行,进而发育优质孔隙.此外,分形与多重分形分析结果表明,碳酸盐岩薄片表面的Ca、Mg、Si含量分布的非均质性的差异控制着溶蚀反应,成分差异大、元素含量非均质性强能促进溶解反应的进行.

       

    • 图  1  剖面位置及地质构造简图

      腾格尔(2006)略作修改

      Fig.  1.  The areal structure of the study area and section places

      图  2  薄片外观照片

      红色线为背部记号笔所划以便前后对比研究

      Fig.  2.  Photo of the thin-section

      图  3  成分分析对比样单偏光及背散射扫描电镜显微照片

      a.鲕粒灰岩样(RX-3) 单偏光照片;b.图a中对应区域扫面电镜照片;c.鲕粒云岩样(DP-1) 单偏光照片;d.图c中对应区域扫面电镜照片

      Fig.  3.  Plane-polarized lightimage and SEM image of contrast samples of component analysis

      图  4  鲕粒灰岩(RX-3) 溶蚀各阶段单偏光照片

      a.溶蚀前原貌;b.溶蚀1 h后;c.溶蚀2 h后表面覆盖沉淀物;d.超声清洗沉淀物后的照片

      Fig.  4.  Plane-polarized light images of oolitic limestone (RX-3) at different experiment procedures

      图  5  鲕粒云岩DP-1溶蚀各阶段单偏光照片

      a.溶蚀前原貌;b.溶蚀1 h后;c.溶蚀2 h后表面覆盖沉淀物;d.超声清洗沉淀物后的照片

      Fig.  5.  Plane-polarized light images of ooliticdolomite (DP-1) at different experiment procedures

      图  6  沉淀物光学显微镜及扫描电镜能谱分析

      图a、b为单偏光照片,图c为背散射扫描电镜照片及能谱成分分析

      Fig.  6.  Optical micrograph and SEM-EDS image of the precipitation

      图  7  薄片溶蚀后扫描电镜照片

      a, b, c.鲕粒灰岩(RX-3) 照片,其中b为a中红色圆形区域放大,c为b中红色圆形区域放大;d, e, f.粒云岩(DP-1) 照片,其中e为d中红色方框区域放大,f为e中红色方框区域放大

      Fig.  7.  SEM images of thin sections after dissolution

      图  8  鲕粒灰岩(RX-3)(a)和鲕粒云岩(DP-1)(b)样品扫描电镜微观形貌照片及能谱面扫描图像

      Fig.  8.  SEM image and element X-ray mappings of ooliticlimestone(RX-3)(a) and ooliticdolomite (DP-1)(b) sample

      图  9  能谱面扫描元素分布多重分形频谱示意图

      Fig.  9.  Multifractal spectrum curves for different elements

      表  1  矿物成分分析结果

      Table  1.   Data of XRD analysis results

      样品编号 方解石(%) 白云石(%) 石英(%) 伊利石(%)
      RX-1 79.72 - 6.77 13.51
      DP-1 - 96.12 3.88 -
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  各阶段薄片质量(g)

      Table  2.   Mass (g) of thinsection at different experiment procedures

      样品 初始质量 浸泡1 h质量 浸泡3 h(含沉淀)质量 去除沉淀质量 沉淀质量 净溶蚀量
      RX-3-1 4.090 7 4.080 3 4.047 3 3.986 5 0.060 8 0.104 2
      DP-1-1 4.200 3 4.181 7 4.101 3 4.014 5 0.086 8 0.185 8
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  能谱面扫描元素分布分形参数

      Table  3.   Fractal parameters describing the distribution characteristics of element X-ray mappings

      样品及元素未溶蚀 溶蚀后Δα后-前 ΔαL后-前 ΔαR后-前
      Δα Δf(α) ΔαL ΔαR Δα Δf(α) ΔαL ΔαR
      Ca DP-1 1.311 0 2.208 5 0.172 6 1.138 4 1.489 4 2.121 5 0.294 2 1.195 2 0.178 4 0.056 9 0.121 6
      RX-3 1.200 2 2.280 9 0.094 9 1.105 2 1.305 9 2.073 9 0.201 6 1.104 4 0.105 8 -0.000 9 0.106 6
      Mg DP-1 1.427 4 2.224 0 0.225 0 1.202 4 1.525 6 2.176 9 0.349 2 1.176 4 0.098 2 -0.026 0 0.124 2
      RX-3 1.239 1 1.470 1 0.386 5 0.852 7 1.049 9 1.192 0 0.340 6 0.709 3 -0.189 3 -0.143 4 -0.045 9
      Si DP-1 1.726 3 1.881 0 0.540 9 1.185 4 1.361 6 1.604 5 0.364 7 0.996 9 -0.364 7 -0.188 5 -0.176 2
      RX-3 1.483 2 1.913 8 0.417 3 1.065 9 1.251 2 1.435 1 0.404 5 0.846 8 -0.232 0 -0.219 1 -0.012 9
      注:Δα.分形谱线的宽度;Δf(α).分形谱线的高度;ΔαL, ΔαR.分形谱线左半部分与右半部分的宽度.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2015-11-12
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