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    库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区流体包裹体特征及油气成藏过程

    刘建良 姜振学 刘可禹 桂丽黎

    刘建良, 姜振学, 刘可禹, 桂丽黎, 2016. 库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区流体包裹体特征及油气成藏过程. 地球科学, 41(7): 1188-1197. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.096
    引用本文: 刘建良, 姜振学, 刘可禹, 桂丽黎, 2016. 库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区流体包裹体特征及油气成藏过程. 地球科学, 41(7): 1188-1197. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.096
    Liu Jianliang, Jiang Zhenxue, Liu Keyu, Gui Lili, 2016. Fluid Inclusion Characteristics and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Process of Yangtake Area, Kuqa Foreland Basin. Earth Science, 41(7): 1188-1197. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.096
    Citation: Liu Jianliang, Jiang Zhenxue, Liu Keyu, Gui Lili, 2016. Fluid Inclusion Characteristics and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Process of Yangtake Area, Kuqa Foreland Basin. Earth Science, 41(7): 1188-1197. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.096

    库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区流体包裹体特征及油气成藏过程

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.096
    基金项目: 

    国家科技重大专项课题项目 2016ZX05003-002

    中国石油股份有限公司项目 2011A-0207

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      刘建良(1988-),男,博士研究生,主要从事油气地质方面研究.E-mail: 51liujianliang@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Fluid Inclusion Characteristics and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Process of Yangtake Area, Kuqa Foreland Basin

    • 摘要: 库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区油气资源丰富,明确油气充注历史和成藏演化过程对下一步油气勘探具有重要意义.利用流体包裹体岩相学观察、显微测温分析、定量颗粒荧光分析,并结合库车前陆盆地烃源岩热演化史以及构造演化史,分析了库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区的油气成藏过程.结果表明,羊塔克地区油气具有“晚期成藏,后期改造”的特征.库车坳陷中侏罗统恰克马克组烃源岩在15 Ma左右成熟(Ro>0.5%),生成的成熟原油最早是在新近纪库车早期,约4.0 Ma时期,充注到羊塔克构造带,形成少量黄色荧光油包裹体,但大量充注是在约3.5 Ma时期.库车坳陷中下侏罗统煤系源岩是在约26 Ma时达到成熟,生成的天然气在约3.5 Ma,开始大规模的向羊塔克构造带充注.天然气充注后对早期少量原油进行气洗,形成发蓝色荧光的、气液比不一的油气包裹体.油气充注后,在羊塔1地区形成残余油气藏,油水界面位于5 390.75 m处.新近纪库车晚期(3.0~1.8 Ma),受喜山晚期构造运动影响,羊塔克地区油气藏发生调整改造,羊塔1地区白垩系的残余油气水界面向上迁移至现今的5 379.70 m处.

       

    • 图  1  库车前陆盆地羊塔克构造带位置(a)及油气藏剖面(b)

      Fig.  1.  Location (a) and oil and gas reservoir cross section (b) of the Yangtake structural belt, Kuqa foreland basin

      图  2  库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区油气包裹体丰度

      Fig.  2.  GOI of the Yangtake area, Kuqa foreland basin

      图  3  库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区油气包裹体显微荧光照片

      a.YT-1井,5 285.1 m,石英愈合缝中黄白色荧光油气包裹体;b.YT-5井,5 344.1 m,石英愈合缝中蓝白色荧光油气包裹体;c.YT-5,5 338.0 m,群体状黄绿色荧光油气包裹体;d.YT-5井,5 333.6 m,石英次生加大边中蓝白色荧光油气包裹体;e.YT-5井,5 312.8 m,零星状黄白色荧光油气包裹体;f.YT-5井,5 312.8 m,零星状蓝色荧光油气包裹体;g.YT-5井,5 344.1 m,石英裂纹中黄白色和蓝白色荧光油气包裹体共存;h.YT-5井,5 335.0 m,穿石英颗粒裂纹的黄绿色与蓝白色荧光共存的油气包裹体

      Fig.  3.  Fluorescence photomicrograph of hydrocarbon inclusions from the Yangtake area, Kuqa foreland basin

      图  4  库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区白垩系储层流体包裹体均一温度直方图

      a.烃类包裹体;b.盐水包裹体

      Fig.  4.  Histogram of the fluid inclusion homogenization temperature of the Cretaceous reservoir in the Yangtake area, Kuqa foreland basin

      图  5  库车前陆盆地大北1井热史结果校验(a)及埋藏史和热史模拟结果(b)

      1.Q;2.N2k;3.N1-2k;4.N1j;5.E;6.K;7.J3q;8.J2q;9.J1y-J2kz;10.J1a;11.T

      Fig.  5.  (a) Modeled burial history and corresponding thermal evolution of the Dabei-1 well, Kuqa foreland basin, and (b) the calibration of the thermal modeled result

      图  6  库车前陆盆地大北1井烃源岩热成熟度史

      Fig.  6.  Source rocks maturity history of the Dabei-1 well, Kuqa foreland basin

      图  7  库车前陆盆地羊塔克地区羊塔5井埋藏史和热史

      Fig.  7.  Burial and thermal history of the Yangta-5 well in the Yangtake area, Kuqa foreland basin

      图  8  库车前陆盆地羊塔1井QGF、QGF-E剖面及谱图

      Fig.  8.  QGF and QGF-E parameter depth profile and the spectra of the Yangta-1 well, Kuqa foreland basin

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