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    西藏班公湖-怒江成矿带荣嘎斑岩型钼矿床的发现及意义

    郑有业 次琼 吴松 晋良旭 郭建慈 次仁吉 龚福志 谭勐 张弘强

    郑有业, 次琼, 吴松, 晋良旭, 郭建慈, 次仁吉, 龚福志, 谭勐, 张弘强, 2017. 西藏班公湖-怒江成矿带荣嘎斑岩型钼矿床的发现及意义. 地球科学, 42(9): 1441-1453. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.109
    引用本文: 郑有业, 次琼, 吴松, 晋良旭, 郭建慈, 次仁吉, 龚福志, 谭勐, 张弘强, 2017. 西藏班公湖-怒江成矿带荣嘎斑岩型钼矿床的发现及意义. 地球科学, 42(9): 1441-1453. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.109
    Zheng Youye, Ci Qiong, Wu Song, Jin Liangxu, Guo Jianci, Ci Renji, Gong Fuzhi, Tan Meng, Zhang Hongqiang, 2017. The Discovery and Significance of Rongga Porphyry Mo Deposit in the Bangong-Nujiang Metallogenic Belt, Tibet. Earth Science, 42(9): 1441-1453. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.109
    Citation: Zheng Youye, Ci Qiong, Wu Song, Jin Liangxu, Guo Jianci, Ci Renji, Gong Fuzhi, Tan Meng, Zhang Hongqiang, 2017. The Discovery and Significance of Rongga Porphyry Mo Deposit in the Bangong-Nujiang Metallogenic Belt, Tibet. Earth Science, 42(9): 1441-1453. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.109

    西藏班公湖-怒江成矿带荣嘎斑岩型钼矿床的发现及意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.109
    基金项目: 

    教育部长江学者和创新团队发展计划 IRT14R54

    教育部长江学者和创新团队发展计划 IRT1083

    国土资源部公益性行业基金项目 201511015

    西藏地勘局地质找矿专项 藏地勘[2015]38号

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      郑有业(1962-), 男, 长江学者特聘教授, 主要从事成矿规律、靶区优选及勘查评价工作

    • 中图分类号: P617

    The Discovery and Significance of Rongga Porphyry Mo Deposit in the Bangong-Nujiang Metallogenic Belt, Tibet

    • 摘要: 西藏班公湖-怒江成矿带为近十年来找矿突破明显的一个矿带,矿床类型主要包括斑岩-浅成低温热液型和斑岩-矽卡岩型,矿种以铜金为主,总体研究程度尚低.荣嘎矿床位于班公湖-怒江缝合带南缘西段,为2016年新发现的首例具大型远景的斑岩型钼矿床,其辉钼矿Re-Os同位素加权平均年龄为99.3±0.1 Ma(MSWD=0.2,n=8),等时线年龄为99.2±0.4 Ma(MSWD=0.2,n=8),表明该矿床成矿时代为晚白垩世早期,成矿发生在班公湖-怒江洋盆闭合后的拉萨-羌塘地体碰撞造山阶段.该矿床的发现丰富了班-怒带成矿理论认识,填补了该带钼矿资源的空白,对已有的成矿模型提出了新的挑战,预示着班-怒缝合带还存在一期斑岩钼成矿事件,并为该带进一步寻找相似的钼矿床提供了例证及理论支撑.

       

    • 图  1  青藏高原构造格架(a)和西藏冈底斯主要矿床分布(b)

      图a据Yin and Harrison(2000), 图b据Zheng et al.(2015)曲晓明等(2015)修改.JSSZ.金沙江缝合带;BNSZ.班公湖-怒江缝合带;SNMZ.狮泉河-永珠-嘉黎蛇绿混杂岩带;LMF.洛巴堆-米拉山断裂;IYZSZ.雅鲁藏布江缝合带;SL.南部拉萨地体;CL.中部拉萨地体;NL.北部拉萨地体

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic framework of the Tibetan Plateau(a) and distribution of major ore deposits in the Gangdese belt, Tibet (b)

      图  2  荣嘎区域地质图

      1.第四系;2.古新统-始新统牛堡组;3.上白垩统竞柱山组;4.下白垩统去申拉组;5.上三叠统聂耳错岩群;6.上三叠统狮泉河蛇绿岩群基性枕状熔岩;7.上三叠统狮泉河蛇绿岩群基性堆晶岩;8.上三叠统狮泉河蛇绿岩群超基性堆晶岩;9.晚白垩世黑云母花岗岩;10.晚白垩世花岗岩;11.早白垩世石英闪长岩;12.早白垩世花岗闪长岩;13.早白垩世闪长岩;14.断层;15.推测断层;16.隐伏断层;17.荣嘎矿床位置;据汪友明等(2013)修改

      Fig.  2.  Regional geological sketch of Rongga district

      图  3  荣嘎矿区岩石特征

      a.去申拉组砂岩;b.花岗斑岩;c.中细粒二长花岗斑岩;d.二长花岗岩;e.闪长玢岩;f.细粒闪长岩;g.二长花岗斑岩;h.花岗细晶岩

      Fig.  3.  Characteristics of rocks in the Rongga orefield

      图  4  荣嘎矿床蚀变矿化特征

      a.浸染状辉钼矿化;b.石英+辉钼矿脉;c.裂隙面辉钼矿+黄铁矿化;d.白云母化和硅化蚀变,团块状黄铁矿化;e.石英+白云母+黄铁矿脉;f.白云母化蚀变;g.长石的绢云母化蚀变;h.粘土化蚀变;i.黑云母的绿泥石化蚀变

      Fig.  4.  Characteristics of alteration and mineralization in the Rongga deposit

      图  5  荣嘎矿区0号勘探线剖面

      Fig.  5.  Geological cross section for No.0 exploration line of the Rongga orefield

      图  6  荣嘎矿床辉钼矿Re-Os等时线图(a)和年龄加权平均图(b)

      Fig.  6.  Molybdenite Re-Os isochron age (a) and weighted mean age (b) of Rongga deposit

      图  7  班公湖-怒江成矿带、冈底斯铜矿带主要矿床辉钼矿Re含量对比

      数据来源:侯增谦等,2003孟祥金等,2003王亮亮等,2006郑有业等,2007佘宏全等,2009赵元艺等,2009王保第等,2010祝向平等,2011黄勇等,2013Zhao et al., 2014Lang et al., 2014Zheng et al., 2014Lin et al., 2017Sun et al., 2017

      Fig.  7.  Molybdenite Re content of main deposits in the Bangong-Nujiang metallogenic belt and Gangdese copper belt

      图  8  班公湖-怒江成矿带主要矿床锆石U-Pb和辉钼矿Re-Os年龄对比

      数据来源:佘宏全等,2009赵元艺等, 2009, 2011李志军等,2011吕立娜等,2011祝向平,2011曲晓明等,2012Li et al., 2014, 2016姚晓峰等,2013张志等,2014方向等,2015王勤等,2015王佳琦等,2016Lin et al., 2017Sun et al., 2017

      Fig.  8.  Zircon U-Pb and molybdenite Re-Os ages of main deposits in the Bangong-Nujiang metallogenic belt

      表  1  荣嘎矿床辉钼矿Re-Os同位素分析数据

      Table  1.   Data of Re-Os isotopic dating of molybdenite from Rongga deposit

      样名 样重(g) Re(10-6) 187Re(10-9) 187Os(10-9) 模式年龄(Ma)
      001-66 0.008 49 68.73±0.39 43 198.26±247.14 71.50±0.38 99.27±0.41
      002-51 0.050 18 33.83±0.11 21 264.26±70.72 35.16±0.09 99.16±0.40
      002-126 0.051 52 75.28±0.25 47 314.49±154.12 78.39±0.20 99.37±0.40
      002-181.5 0.053 42 75.51±0.25 47 458.41±154.22 78.44±0.20 99.13±0.40
      002-301.2 0.049 46 66.29±0.22 41 667.11±136.46 68.97±0.18 99.27±0.40
      101-81.5 0.063 48 82.85±0.27 52 072.76±167.85 86.19±0.22 99.27±0.40
      101-193 0.051 76 65.11±0.21 40 923.34±133.53 67.68±0.18 99.19±0.40
      101-284.4 0.050 89 35.30±0.12 22 185.65±73.48 36.76±0.10 99.39±0.41
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