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    塔里木盆地玛扎塔格断裂带变形特征、演化及对深层油气成藏的控制

    谢会文 陈新伟 朱民 李龙江 王祥 陈汉林 程晓敢

    谢会文, 陈新伟, 朱民, 李龙江, 王祥, 陈汉林, 程晓敢, 2017. 塔里木盆地玛扎塔格断裂带变形特征、演化及对深层油气成藏的控制. 地球科学, 42(9): 1578-1589. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.504
    引用本文: 谢会文, 陈新伟, 朱民, 李龙江, 王祥, 陈汉林, 程晓敢, 2017. 塔里木盆地玛扎塔格断裂带变形特征、演化及对深层油气成藏的控制. 地球科学, 42(9): 1578-1589. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.504
    Xie Huiwen, Chen Xinwei, Zhu Min, Li Longjiang, Wang Xiang, Chen Hanlin, Cheng Xiaogan, 2017. Deformation Characteristics, Tectonic Evolution and Their Control on Deep Petroleum Accumulation of Mazhatage Fault Belt in Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 42(9): 1578-1589. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.504
    Citation: Xie Huiwen, Chen Xinwei, Zhu Min, Li Longjiang, Wang Xiang, Chen Hanlin, Cheng Xiaogan, 2017. Deformation Characteristics, Tectonic Evolution and Their Control on Deep Petroleum Accumulation of Mazhatage Fault Belt in Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 42(9): 1578-1589. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.504

    塔里木盆地玛扎塔格断裂带变形特征、演化及对深层油气成藏的控制

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.504
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金 Nos.41472181

    国家自然科学基金 Nos.41330207

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      谢会文(1967-), 男, 教授级高级工程师, 主要从事矿产普查与勘探研究

      通讯作者:

      陈新伟

    • 中图分类号: P547

    Deformation Characteristics, Tectonic Evolution and Their Control on Deep Petroleum Accumulation of Mazhatage Fault Belt in Tarim Basin

    • 摘要: 玛扎塔格断裂带的演化过程对塔里木盆地巴楚隆起和麦盖提斜坡油气成藏有着重要的控制作用.根据最新地震资料的精细解释和构造解析,分析了玛扎塔格断裂带的变形结构、样式和变形过程.玛扎塔格断裂带的变形分为上、中、下(深)3层结构,分别形成于不同时期.玛扎塔格断裂带变形的差异性主要体现在中层构造,从东往西控制中层构造发育的逆冲断层及其反冲断层的位移量不断加大,褶皱核部的剥蚀量也向西持续增加.玛扎塔格断裂带深部背斜构造存在发育盐下白云岩原生油气藏的可能,后期的变形没有破坏早期形成的深层背斜构造.玛扎塔格断裂带深部背斜构造的盐下白云岩是油气勘探的有利方向.

       

    • 图  1  巴楚隆起及其邻区断裂分布

      Fig.  1.  Distribution of the faults in the Bachu uplift and its periphery

      图  2  玛扎塔格地区地层发育特征

      郭颖等(2016)修改

      Fig.  2.  Stratigraphic sequence of the Bachu area

      图  3  玛扎塔格断裂带代表性地震剖面A-A′和剖面C-C′解释方案

      左为未解释剖面,右为解释剖面,剖面位置见图 1

      Fig.  3.  Uninterpreted and interpreted seismic line A-A′ and C-C′ of Mazhatage fault belt

      图  4  玛扎塔格断裂带现今形态与拟三维构造图以及研究区下寒武统顶面等T0图(单位:ms)

      Fig.  4.  Present Mazhatage fault belt and its 3D structure Model and T0 figure (ms) of Lower Cambriantop surface in the study area

      图  5  剖面A-A′正反演模式

      左为反演,右为正演

      Fig.  5.  The results of the structural inverse modeling and the structural forward modeling of the line A-A

      图  6  剖面C-C′正反演模式

      左为反演,右为正演

      Fig.  6.  The results of the structural inverse modeling and the structural forward modeling of the line C-C

      图  7  寒武系盐下圈闭不同时期演化趋势

      Fig.  7.  Evolution trend of Cambrian trap below the salt in different period

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    • 收稿日期:  2016-12-20
    • 刊出日期:  2017-09-15

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