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    储层岩性控制下的绿泥石对硅质胶结的影响

    孙小龙 林承焰 董春梅 张宪国 马存飞 林建力 谢晶晶

    孙小龙, 林承焰, 董春梅, 张宪国, 马存飞, 林建力, 谢晶晶, 2017. 储层岩性控制下的绿泥石对硅质胶结的影响. 地球科学, 42(9): 1599-1607. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.528
    引用本文: 孙小龙, 林承焰, 董春梅, 张宪国, 马存飞, 林建力, 谢晶晶, 2017. 储层岩性控制下的绿泥石对硅质胶结的影响. 地球科学, 42(9): 1599-1607. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.528
    Sun Xiaolong, Lin Chengyan, Dong Chunmei, Zhang Xianguo, Ma Cunfei, Lin Jianli, Xie Jingjing, 2017. Influence of Chlorite on Siliceous Cement under Control of Reservoir Lithology. Earth Science, 42(9): 1599-1607. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.528
    Citation: Sun Xiaolong, Lin Chengyan, Dong Chunmei, Zhang Xianguo, Ma Cunfei, Lin Jianli, Xie Jingjing, 2017. Influence of Chlorite on Siliceous Cement under Control of Reservoir Lithology. Earth Science, 42(9): 1599-1607. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.528

    储层岩性控制下的绿泥石对硅质胶结的影响

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.528
    基金项目: 

    国家科技重大专项 No.2016ZX05027-004

    国家自然科学基金面上项目 No.41672129

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      孙小龙(1991-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事储层地质学方面的研究

      通讯作者:

      林承焰

    • 中图分类号: P571

    Influence of Chlorite on Siliceous Cement under Control of Reservoir Lithology

    • 摘要: 在西湖凹陷花港组低渗储层背景下,优质储层的发育伴随绿泥石和硅质胶结的同时富集,这与绿泥石抑制硅质胶结的观点存在矛盾.综合利用X衍射、铸体薄片、包裹体测试和扫描电镜及能谱分析等资料,以绿泥石分类及其成因分析为基础,通过对比不同粒度储层绿泥石和硅质胶结分布规律,结合地层条件和储层质量演化,分析绿泥石对硅质胶结的影响.研究结果表明:绿泥石发育孔隙衬里和孔隙充填两种产状,孔隙衬里绿泥石由早期黏土薄膜重结晶或直接由孔隙流体结晶而成,孔隙充填绿泥石受控于火山碎屑和长石溶蚀;绿泥石和硅质胶结均在物性较好的粗粒储层中富集;浅埋低地温阶段,孔隙衬里绿泥石有效抑制硅质胶结,仅在绿泥石不连续或颗粒破裂处发育孤立柱状石英晶体,深埋高地温阶段,难以有效抑制硅质胶结,多发育石英加大边;粗粒储层比细粒和砂质砾岩及泥砾岩储层孔隙发育,为石英加大边提供必要的生长空间,导致绿泥石相对含量更高的粗粒储层中硅质胶结也更发育.

       

    • 图  1  不同类型绿泥石特征

      a.孔隙衬里绿泥石,X2井,3 961.8 m,单偏光;b.Ⅰ类孔隙衬里绿泥石,X1井,3 455.2 m,SEM;c.Ⅱ类孔隙衬里绿泥石,X2井,3 889.0 m,SEM;d.分散片状绿泥石,Y2井,3 722.0 m,SEM;e.绒球状绿泥石,Y1井,4 320.6 m,SEM;f.蠕虫状绿泥石,X2井,3 723.0 m,SEM

      Fig.  1.  Characteristics of different types of chlorite

      图  2  水下分流河道沉积微相岩性组合

      a.砂质砾岩,X2井,3 974.7 m;b.泥砾岩,X2井,3 890.1 m;c.砾质砂岩,Y2井,4 014.9 m;d.粗砂岩,X2井,3 978.3 m;e.中砂岩,X2井,4 324.6 m;f.细砂岩,Y1井,4 338.0 m;g.平行层理,Y1井,4 330.1 m;h.交错层理,Y1井,3 870.0 m;i.波状层理粉砂岩,X1井,3 848.6 m

      Fig.  2.  Lithologies group of underwater distributary channel

      图  3  储层岩性控制的孔隙度-渗透率交会

      Fig.  3.  Porosity-permeability crossplot under the control of reservoir lithology

      图  4  不同粒度储层绿泥石(a)和硅质胶结(b)相对含量分布

      Fig.  4.  Distribution of chlorite (a) and siliceous cement (b) content of different granularity reservoirs

      图  5  硅质胶结特征及其与绿泥石的关系

      a.孤立柱状石英晶体,X2井,3 620.2 m,SEM;b.连续石英加大边,X2井,3 620.0 m,单偏光;c.石英加大边覆盖绿泥石,X2井,3 608.0 m,SEM;d.石英加大边覆盖绿泥石,X2井,3 621.0 m,单偏光

      Fig.  5.  Characteristics of siliceous cement and its relationship with chlorite

      图  6  硅质胶结包裹体均一温度分布

      Fig.  6.  Distribution of homogenization temperature of fluid inclusions in siliceous cement

      表  1  不同类型绿泥石组成成分

      Table  1.   Composition of different types of chlorite

      绿泥石类型SiO2(%)FeO(%)Al2O3(%)MgO(%)K2O(%)CaO(%)样品数
      Ⅰ类孔隙衬里绿泥石45.2823.5021.508.760.740.2214
      Ⅱ类孔隙衬里绿泥石38.9629.6820.939.121.110.2021
      分散片状绿泥石34.1035.2122.258.290.080.0814
      绒球状绿泥石33.9633.1423.838.100.910.0617
      蠕虫状绿泥石33.0833.7822.669.381.1002
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2016-11-16
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