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    江南东段地区NE-SW向断裂带断层滑移矢量反演及其大地构造意义

    梁承华 徐先兵 李启铭 桂林 汤帅

    梁承华, 徐先兵, 李启铭, 桂林, 汤帅, 2019. 江南东段地区NE-SW向断裂带断层滑移矢量反演及其大地构造意义. 地球科学, 44(5): 1761-1772. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.245
    引用本文: 梁承华, 徐先兵, 李启铭, 桂林, 汤帅, 2019. 江南东段地区NE-SW向断裂带断层滑移矢量反演及其大地构造意义. 地球科学, 44(5): 1761-1772. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.245
    Liang Chenghua, Xu Xianbing, Li Qiming, Gui Lin, Tang Shuai, 2019. Inversion and Tectonic Implications of Fault-Slip Data of NE-SW-Striking Fault Zones in Eastern Jiangnan Area. Earth Science, 44(5): 1761-1772. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.245
    Citation: Liang Chenghua, Xu Xianbing, Li Qiming, Gui Lin, Tang Shuai, 2019. Inversion and Tectonic Implications of Fault-Slip Data of NE-SW-Striking Fault Zones in Eastern Jiangnan Area. Earth Science, 44(5): 1761-1772. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.245

    江南东段地区NE-SW向断裂带断层滑移矢量反演及其大地构造意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.245
    基金项目: 

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目 G1323531799

    国家自然科学基金青年项目 41402174

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      梁承华(1996-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事构造解析的研究

      通讯作者:

      徐先兵

    • 中图分类号: P548

    Inversion and Tectonic Implications of Fault-Slip Data of NE-SW-Striking Fault Zones in Eastern Jiangnan Area

    • 摘要: 华南中-新生代构造演化受太平洋构造域和特提斯洋构造域的联合控制.以江南东段NE-SW向景德镇-歙县剪切带和球川-萧山断裂中发育的脆性断层为研究对象,利用野外交切关系和断层滑移矢量反演方法厘定了7期构造变形序列并反演了各期古构造应力场,讨论了断层活动的时代及其动力学.白垩纪至新生代研究区7期古构造应力场分别为:(1)早白垩世早期(136~125 Ma)NW-SE向伸展;(2)早白垩世晚期(125~107 Ma)N-S向挤压和E-W向伸展;(3)早白垩世末期至晚白垩世早期(105~86 Ma)NW-SE向伸展;(4)白垩世中期(86~80 Ma)NW-SE向挤压和NE-SW向伸展;(5)晚白垩世晚期至始新世末期(80~36 Ma)N-S向伸展;(6)始新世末期至渐新世早期(36~30 Ma)NE-SW向挤压和NW-SE向伸展;(7)渐新世早期至中新世中期(30~17 Ma)NE-SW向伸展.结合区域地质研究表明,第1期至第4期古构造应力场与古太平洋构造域的板片后撤、俯冲以及微块体(菲律宾地块)间的碰撞作用有关;第5期伸展作用受控于新特提斯构造域俯冲板片后撤,而第6期和第7期古构造应力场主要与印-亚碰撞的远程效应有关.白垩纪至新生代,华南东部受伸展构造体制和走滑构造体制的交替控制.先存断裂的发育可能是导致华南晚中生代走滑构造体制的主要控制因素.

       

    • 图  1  江南东段地区地质简图

      Fig.  1.  Sketch geological map of the eastern Jiangnan area

      图  2  景德镇-歙县剪切带典型断层野外图片

      a.中下侏罗统林山组中NE-SW向脆性断层的正断作用;b.新元古代双桥山群中NE-SW向脆性断层的左旋走滑;c.早白垩世鹅湖花岗岩中NE-SW向脆性断层的正断作用;d.新元古代双桥山群中N-S向脆性断层的左旋走滑;e.新元古代基性岩中NW-SE向脆性断层的正断作用;f.中侏罗统洪琴组中N-S向脆性断层的右旋走滑

      Fig.  2.  Typical field photos of brittle faulting in the Jingdezhen-Shexian shear zone

      图  3  景德镇-歙县剪切带断层滑移矢量反演的7期古构造应力场

      Fig.  3.  Seven stages of paleostress fields inversed by fault-slip data from the Jingdezhen-Shexian shear zone

      图  4  球川-萧山断裂典型断层野外图片

      a.上石炭统黄龙组中E-W向脆性断层的逆冲作用;b.上石炭统黄龙组中NE-SW向脆性断层的正断作用;c.下石炭统叶家塘组中E-W向脆性断层的右旋走滑;d.中奥陶统长坞组中E-W向脆性断层的正断作用;e.中奥陶统长坞组中E-W向脆性断层的左旋走滑;f.下寒武统荷塘组中NW-SE向脆性断层的正断作用

      Fig.  4.  Typical field photos of brittle fault of the Qiuchuan-Xiaoshan fault

      图  5  球川-萧山断裂断层滑移矢量反演的6期古构造应力场

      Fig.  5.  Six stages of paleostress fields inversed by fault-slip data from the Qiuchuan-Xiaoshan fault

      图  6  江南东段地区白垩纪以来不同期次断层的野外交切关系

      a.交切关系指示早白垩世走滑构造体制晚于早白垩世NW-SE向伸展作用;b.交切关系指示晚白垩世NW-SE向伸展作用晚于早白垩世走滑构造体制;c.交切关系指示晚白垩世N-S向伸展作用晚于晚白垩世NW-SE向伸展作用;d.交切关系指示晚白垩世N-S向伸展作用晚于晚白垩世走滑构造体制;e.交切关系指示晚白垩世N-S向伸展作用晚于晚白垩世走滑构造体制;f.交切关系指示新生代NE-SW向伸展作用晚于新生代走滑构造体制

      Fig.  6.  Cross-cutting relations of Cretaceous to Cenozoic different stages of brittle faulting in the eastern Jiangnan area

      图  7  江南东段地区白垩纪-新生代不同阶段主应力轴方位赤平投影图(下半球等面积投影)

      a.早白垩世早期(136~125 Ma)NW-SE伸展作用;b.早白垩世晚期(125~107 Ma)N-S向挤压应力和E-W向伸展;c.早白垩世末期至晚白垩世早期(105~86 Ma)NW-SE向伸展作用;d.短暂的(86~80 Ma)NW-SE向挤压和NE-SW向伸展;e.晚白垩世晚期至始新世末期(80~36 Ma)N-S向伸展作用;f.始新世末期至渐新世早期(36~30 Ma)NE-SW向挤压和NW-SE向伸展;g.渐新世早期至中新世中期(30~17 Ma)NE-SW伸展作用

      Fig.  7.  Stereonet of Cretaceous to Cenozoic principal axis of paleostress in the eastern Jiangnan area (lower hemisphere, equal-area projection)

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