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    Pb同位素对努日铜钼钨多金属矿床成矿物源的制约

    闫国强 王欣欣 黄勇 李光明 刘洪 黄瀚霄 张志 田恩源 赖杨

    闫国强, 王欣欣, 黄勇, 李光明, 刘洪, 黄瀚霄, 张志, 田恩源, 赖杨, 2020. Pb同位素对努日铜钼钨多金属矿床成矿物源的制约. 地球科学, 45(1): 31-42. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.191
    引用本文: 闫国强, 王欣欣, 黄勇, 李光明, 刘洪, 黄瀚霄, 张志, 田恩源, 赖杨, 2020. Pb同位素对努日铜钼钨多金属矿床成矿物源的制约. 地球科学, 45(1): 31-42. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.191
    Yan Guoqiang, Wang Xinxin, Huang Yong, Li Guangming, Liu Hong, Huang Hanxiao, Zhang Zhi, Tian Enyuan, Lai Yang, 2020. Constraint of Pb Isotope on Ore-Forming Source Origin of Nuri Polymetallic Deposit, Tibet. Earth Science, 45(1): 31-42. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.191
    Citation: Yan Guoqiang, Wang Xinxin, Huang Yong, Li Guangming, Liu Hong, Huang Hanxiao, Zhang Zhi, Tian Enyuan, Lai Yang, 2020. Constraint of Pb Isotope on Ore-Forming Source Origin of Nuri Polymetallic Deposit, Tibet. Earth Science, 45(1): 31-42. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.191

    Pb同位素对努日铜钼钨多金属矿床成矿物源的制约

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.191
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41702080

    国家重点研发计划 2016YFC0600308

    国家重点研发计划 SQ2018YFC060162

    中国地质调查项目 DD20190813

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      闫国强(1985-), 男, 工程师, 博士, 从事矿床成因、矿床地球化学研究

      通讯作者:

      王欣欣

    • 中图分类号: P597

    Constraint of Pb Isotope on Ore-Forming Source Origin of Nuri Polymetallic Deposit, Tibet

    • 摘要: 西藏努日铜钼钨矿是冈底斯成矿带规模最大的首例含白钨矿多金属矿床,对于矿床的成矿物质来源还存在较大的争议.为厘定努日铜钼钨矿的成矿物质来源,对矿区的侵入岩和各类硫化物进行了Pb同位素研究,研究结果表明,矿区各类辉钼矿、黄铁矿具有较为一致的Pb同位素组成:206Pb/204Pb比值为17.525~18.581;207Pb/204Pb比值为15.621~15.661;208Pb/204Pb比值为37.524~38.929.黄铜矿的206Pb/204Pb比值为18.414~18.578;207Pb/204Pb比值为15.619~15.642;208Pb/204Pb比值为38.617~38.863,且黄铜矿存在明显的分组特征.S-Pb同位素特征表明:努日铜钼钨矿的成矿物质主要来源于地幔,矿床的辉钼矿Re-Os同位素特征也暗示其成矿物质主要来源于地幔.该矿床可能是在印度板块向欧亚板块俯冲-碰撞-伸展构造环境下,印度陆块下地壳部分熔融形成的熔体在其向上运移过程中与俯冲洋壳释放出的富含Fe3+的流体发生混合后,与雅鲁藏布江MORB亏损地幔橄榄岩发生交代作用,Fe3+氧化地幔中赋存的各类硫化物后,使得成矿物质Cu、Mo等被释放进入岩浆系统;并在上升过程中萃取了部分加厚下地壳部分熔融形成黑云母花岗岩中的Cu等,最终在浅部与围岩发生接触交代形成努日铜钼钨多金属矿床.

       

    • 图  1  西藏山南区域地质图及努日矿区地质简图

      Fig.  1.  The regional geological map and sketch map of Nuri deposit

      图  2  西藏山南努日矿区各类岩浆岩的岩石学特征

      a.石英闪长玢岩及镜下角闪石斑晶;b.黑云母花岗岩及镜下见黑云母;c.花岗闪长斑岩及镜下半自形角闪石;d.安山岩及镜下隐晶质基质. Hbl.普通角闪石;Bit.黑云母;Pl.斜长石;Q.石英

      Fig.  2.  The characteristics of various magmatic rocks in Nuri deposit

      图  3  努日铜钼钨多金属矿床矿石特征及显微镜下照片

      FI.萤石;Sch.白钨矿;Mo.辉钼矿;Cp.黄铜矿;Dg.蓝辉铜矿;Py.黄铁矿

      Fig.  3.  Photomicrographs showing ore minerals from the Nrui deposit

      图  4  西藏努日铜钼钨多金属矿床中矿石的Pb同位素来源判别图解

      数据来自表 1

      Fig.  4.  Discrimination diagram for lead isotopic sources of ores from the Nuri polymetallic deposit

      图  5  西藏山南努日矿床中辉钼矿、黄铜矿、黄铁矿的Pb同位素构造环境判别图解

      数据来源于表 1;底图据Zartman et al. (1981);1.地幔源铅;2.上地壳铅;3.上地壳与地幔混合的俯冲带铅,3a.岩浆作用,3b.沉积作用;4.化学沉积型铅;5.海底热水作用铅;6.中深变质作用铅;7.深变质下地壳铅;8.造山带铅;9.古老页岩上地壳铅;10.退变质铅;A.地幔(Mantle);B.造山带(Orogene);C.上地壳(Upper Crust);D.下地壳(Lower Crust)

      Fig.  5.  Plumbotectonic framework diagrams of molybdenite, chalcopyrite and pyrites from the Nuri polymetallic deposit

      图  6  西藏山南努日矿床辉钼187Re同位素物源判别图解

      底图据Zhou et al. (2013);数据来源于张松等(2012b)闫学义等(2010)

      Fig.  6.  The discriminant diagram of molybdenum 187Re isotope from the Nuri polymetallic deposit

      表  1  西藏努日铜钼钨多金属矿床侵入岩、矿石硫化物的Pb同位素数据

      Table  1.   Pb isotope analysis data for instrusive rock and sulfide minerals in the Nuri polymetallic deposit

      样品编号 测试对象 206Pb/204Pb 207Pb/204Pb 208Pb/204Pb 数据来源
      NR-1 花岗闪长斑岩 18.597 15.697 38.973 王勤等,2018
      NR-2 18.572 15.696 38.871
      NR-3 18.597 15.744 39.029
      NR-5 18.625 15.667 38.952
      NR-6 18.579 15.687 38.848
      ZK1005-384.12 m 花岗闪长斑岩 18.589 15.655 38.984 来自本文
      ZK1005-379.57 m 18.571 15.641 38.912
      ZK1005-394 m 18.591 15.654 38.981
      005-R-1 黑云母花岗岩 18.541 15.587 38.625
      005-R-2 18.565 15.601 38.678
      005-R-3 18.55 15.597 38.653
      ZK4501-124.8 黄铜矿 18.441 15.619 38.617 王立强等,2014
      ZK4103-258.6 辉钼矿 18.513 15.629 38.839
      ZK4103-310.4 黄铁矿 17.525 15.549 37.524
      ZK4103-310.6 黄铜矿 18.578 15.633 38.836
      ZK4103-311.4 辉钼矿 18.533 15.635 38.871
      ZK4103-317.4 辉钼矿 18.555 15.621 38.827
      ZK4103-473.8 黄铜矿 18.568 15.642 38.863
      ZK4103-474.9 黄铁矿 18.555 15.642 38.909
      ZK4901-130.9 黄铁矿 18.539 15.63 38.871
      ZK4901-153.35 黄铜矿 18.518 15.624 38.811
      ZK3701-213.5 黄铜矿 18.414 15.619 38.695
      ZK3701-355.2 黄铁矿 18.548 15.643 38.916
      ZK3701-358.31 辉钼矿 18.539 15.631 38.879
      ZK3701-399.2 辉钼矿 18.555 15.643 38.918
      ZK3701-447.7 辉钼矿 18.581 15.661 38.929
      ZK3701-513 黄铜矿 18.499 15.63 38.802
      ZK3701-513.4 黄铁矿 18.545 15.64 38.895
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  西藏努日铜钼钨矿床硫化物矿石硫同位素组成

      Table  2.   S isotope compositons of the sulfide minerals from the Nuri polymetallic deposit

      样品编号 测试对象 δ34S (‰) 数据来源
      ZK4501-124.8 黄铜矿 -1.2 王立强等,2014
      ZK4103-258.6 辉钼矿 -0.3
      ZK4103-310.4 黄铁矿 -0.5
      ZK4103-310.6 黄铜矿 -1.2
      ZK4103-311.4 辉钼矿 0.6
      ZK4103-317.4 辉钼矿 0.3
      ZK4103-473.8 黄铜矿 -0.6
      ZK4103-474.9 黄铁矿 0.1
      ZK4901-130.9 黄铁矿 -0.1
      ZK4901-153.35 黄铜矿 -0.8
      ZK3701-213.5 黄铜矿 -2.9
      ZK3701-355.2 黄铁矿 -1.0
      ZK3701-358.31 辉钼矿 -0.1
      ZK3701-399.2 辉钼矿 0.0
      ZK3701-447.7 辉钼矿 -0.1
      ZK3701-513 黄铜矿 -1.4
      ZK3701-513.4 黄铁矿 -0.3
      ZK4103-506 黄铁矿 0.8 Chen et al., 2012
      ZK4103-461 黄铁矿 0.9
      ZK4103-254 黄铁矿 0.7
      ZK4103-304 黄铁矿 -0.3
      ZK4103-471 黄铁矿 0.8
      ZK1203-198 黄铁矿 1.1
      ZK4501-194 黄铁矿 0.7
      ZK1203-258 黄铜矿 -0.3
      ZK4501-215 黄铜矿 0.6
      ZK4103-306 黄铜矿 -0.2
      ZK4501-126 黄铜矿 -0.3
      ZK4502-306 辉钼矿 0.4
      ZK4501-194 辉钼矿 -0.4
      ZK1203-362 辉钼矿 0.3
      LB4101-194 黄铜矿 1.0 Li et al., 2006
      LB4101-194-1 黄铁矿 1.8
      LB4101-67.6 黄铁矿 1.3
      LB4101-159 黄铁矿 1.7
      下载: 导出CSV
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