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    伊犁板块南缘高T/P变质岩系:代表前寒武纪结晶基底还是活动大陆边缘?

    夏彬 张立飞

    夏彬, 张立飞, 2021. 伊犁板块南缘高T/P变质岩系:代表前寒武纪结晶基底还是活动大陆边缘?. 地球科学, 46(6): 1960-1972. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.196
    引用本文: 夏彬, 张立飞, 2021. 伊犁板块南缘高T/P变质岩系:代表前寒武纪结晶基底还是活动大陆边缘?. 地球科学, 46(6): 1960-1972. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.196
    Xia Bin, Zhang Lifei, 2021. High T/P Metamorphic Rocks in Southern Yili Plate: Representative for Precambrian Crystalline Basement or Active Continental Margin?. Earth Science, 46(6): 1960-1972. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.196
    Citation: Xia Bin, Zhang Lifei, 2021. High T/P Metamorphic Rocks in Southern Yili Plate: Representative for Precambrian Crystalline Basement or Active Continental Margin?. Earth Science, 46(6): 1960-1972. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.196

    伊犁板块南缘高T/P变质岩系:代表前寒武纪结晶基底还是活动大陆边缘?

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.196
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金青年基金项目 41502043

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      夏彬(1987-), 男, 副教授, 现主要从事变质地质学研究.ORCID: 0000-0001-7921-1545.E-mail: xiabin@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P581

    High T/P Metamorphic Rocks in Southern Yili Plate: Representative for Precambrian Crystalline Basement or Active Continental Margin?

    • 摘要: 新疆伊犁板块南缘的狭长地带内广泛出露了高T/P变质岩系,其成因和属性研究有利于我们深入了解天山造山带的造山演化过程.前人认为这些岩石属早前寒武纪结晶基底,近期研究则显示其主要形成于早古生代.系统总结了课题组近些年在该区开展的工作,结合前人研究,对伊犁板块南缘不同岩石构造单元内的岩石成因进行了分析和讨论,提出伊犁板块南缘的高T/P变质岩系的形成与南天山洋大洋板片在伊犁板块之下的俯冲、岩浆在陆缘弧位置就位并造成伊犁板块南缘地温梯度的明显升高有关.因此,认为伊犁板块南缘狭长地带内的高T/P变质岩系形成于南天山洋俯冲过程中形成的活动大陆边缘环境,而非前寒武纪结晶基底的组成部分.

       

    • 图  1  中亚造山带大地构造简图

      1.北天山断裂;2.箐布拉克-那拉提断裂;3.巴伦台断裂;4.Nikolaev断裂;5.Atbashi-Inylchek断裂;6.塔里木北缘断裂;7.Talas-Fergana断裂;YP.伊犁板块;KP.哈萨克斯坦板块;KNT.吉尔吉斯北天山;CCT.中天山陆块;NTO.北天山造山带;STO.南天山造山带;KMT.吉尔吉斯中天山

      Fig.  1.  Schematic geological map for the Central Asian orogenic belt

      图  2  伊犁板块南缘构造岩石单元地质简图

      Fig.  2.  Simplified geological map for the litho-tectonic units in the southern Yili plate

      图  3  伊犁板块南缘陆缘弧岩浆岩年龄分布

      Fig.  3.  Igneous rocks with arc chemical signature in the southern Yili plate

      图  4  陆缘弧位置区域变质作用和岩浆岩侵入体之间的成因联系模式

      改自Miyashiro(1994).a和b图分别代表弧岩浆岩侵位到中浅部层位而形成的低压型区域变质作用和侵位到不同深度层位而形成的中压型区域变质作用;AB则表示由于抬升剥蚀作用,可能出露的现今野外变质岩剖面;And.红柱石;Sil.矽线石;Ky.蓝晶石

      Fig.  4.  Schematic model showing possible relationships between regional metamorphism and intrusions in the active continental margins

      图  5  古生代南天山洋演化模式图(改自Xia et al., 2014a)

      Fig.  5.  Schematic cartoon showing the Paleozoic evolution of the South Tianshan ocean (revised from Xia et al., 2014a)

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    • 收稿日期:  2020-06-18
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