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    锆石氧逸度对义敦岛弧南段中甸矿集区斑岩型矿床差异性成矿控制因素的指示

    李守奎 刘学龙 卢映祥 张世涛 刘思晗 陈建航 李振焕 余海军 张传昱

    李守奎, 刘学龙, 卢映祥, 张世涛, 刘思晗, 陈建航, 李振焕, 余海军, 张传昱, 2022. 锆石氧逸度对义敦岛弧南段中甸矿集区斑岩型矿床差异性成矿控制因素的指示. 地球科学, 47(4): 1435-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.079
    引用本文: 李守奎, 刘学龙, 卢映祥, 张世涛, 刘思晗, 陈建航, 李振焕, 余海军, 张传昱, 2022. 锆石氧逸度对义敦岛弧南段中甸矿集区斑岩型矿床差异性成矿控制因素的指示. 地球科学, 47(4): 1435-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.079
    Li Shoukui, Liu Xuelong, Lu Yingxiang, Zhang Shitao, Liu Sihan, Chen Jianhang, Li Zhenhuan, Yu Haijun, Zhang Chuanyu, 2022. Indication of Zircon Oxygen Fugacity to Different Mineralization Control Factors of Porphyry Deposits in Zhongdian Ore-Concentrated Area, Southern Yidun Arc. Earth Science, 47(4): 1435-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.079
    Citation: Li Shoukui, Liu Xuelong, Lu Yingxiang, Zhang Shitao, Liu Sihan, Chen Jianhang, Li Zhenhuan, Yu Haijun, Zhang Chuanyu, 2022. Indication of Zircon Oxygen Fugacity to Different Mineralization Control Factors of Porphyry Deposits in Zhongdian Ore-Concentrated Area, Southern Yidun Arc. Earth Science, 47(4): 1435-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.079

    锆石氧逸度对义敦岛弧南段中甸矿集区斑岩型矿床差异性成矿控制因素的指示

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.079
    基金项目: 

    云南省科技厅科技计划项目 2019FA018

    国家自然科学基金项目 41862009

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李守奎(1986-),男,博士研究生,从事矿床学研究. ORCID:0000-0001-8933-0636. E-mail:289749859@qq.com

      通讯作者:

      刘学龙,ORCID: 0000-0003-1372-8642.E-mail: xuelongliu@foxmail.com

    • 中图分类号: P595

    Indication of Zircon Oxygen Fugacity to Different Mineralization Control Factors of Porphyry Deposits in Zhongdian Ore-Concentrated Area, Southern Yidun Arc

    • 摘要: 中甸铜钼多金属矿集区位于义敦岛弧南段,区内绝大多数矿床与晚三叠世和晚白垩世岩浆活动有关,目前两期斑岩锆石氧逸度及差异性成矿研究薄弱.对4个斑岩体5类岩石的锆石开展LA-ICPMS微量元素分析,数据经筛选检验后进行了氧逸度估算.氧逸度结果由高到低为:地苏嘎铜矿晚三叠世石英闪长玢岩(Ce4+/Ce3+比值为515)、休瓦促晚三叠世贫矿黑云母花岗岩(Ce4+/Ce3+比值为443)、铜厂沟钼铜矿晚白垩世花岗闪长斑岩(Ce4+/Ce3+比值为368)、热林钼矿晚白垩世二长花岗岩(Ce4+/Ce3+比值为237)、休瓦促钨钼矿晚白垩世二长花岗岩(Ce4+/Ce3+比值为104).综合前人资料,认为俯冲或碰撞环境的斑岩型铜矿,高氧逸度是成矿的必要非充分条件,Cu铜主要直接或间接(有幔源贡献的新生下地壳)来自地幔;碰撞型斑岩矿床钼、钨主要来自古老地壳,对氧逸度的要求相对较低,偏氧化环境有利钼矿形成,偏还原环境有利于钨矿形成.矿产评价时,斑岩型铜矿应注重幔源/壳源比例和氧逸度条件的研究,斑岩型钼、钨矿不适用斑岩型铜矿氧逸度评价标准.

       

    • 图  1  义敦岛弧(a)及中甸矿集区地质矿产简图(b)

      Fig.  1.  Simplified geological maps of the Yidun arc (a) and the Zhongdian ore-concentrated area (b)

      图  2  地苏嘎(a)、休瓦促(b)、铜厂沟(c)和热林(d)岩体地质简图

      图a据刘学龙等(2014)修改;图b据刘学龙等(2017)修改;图c据刘学龙等(2020)修改;图d据Gao et al.(2017)修改. 1.第四系;2.上三叠统图姆沟组浅变质碎屑岩夹中酸性火山岩;3.上三叠统曲嘎寺组浅变质碎屑岩夹灰岩、中基性火山岩;4.上三叠统喇嘛垭组砂岩夹板岩;5.中三叠统北衙组碳酸盐岩;6.二叠系峨眉山组玄武岩;7.白垩纪花岗闪长斑岩;8.白垩纪二长花岗岩;9.三叠纪闪长玢岩;10.三叠纪石英闪长玢岩;11.三叠纪黑云母花岗岩;12.辉绿岩;13.角岩;14.断层;15.实测地质界线;16.推测地质界线;17.蚀变界线;18.矿体;19.采样位置

      Fig.  2.  Simplified geological maps for Disuga pluton (a), Xiuwacu composite pluton (b), Tongchanggou pluton (c) and Relin pluton (d)

      图  3  地苏嘎、休瓦促、铜厂沟、热林岩体岩石及显微特征照片

      a~b.地苏嘎石英闪长玢岩手标本及镜下特征;c~d.休瓦促黑云母花岗岩手标本及镜下特征;e~f.休瓦促二长花岗岩手标本及镜下特征;g~i.铜厂沟花岗闪长斑岩手标本及镜下特征;j~l.热林二长花岗岩手标本及镜下特征. Pl.斜长石;Kf.钾长石;Qz.石英;Bi.黑云母;Mol.辉钼矿;Sht.白钨矿;Spn.榍石;Alt.褐帘石

      Fig.  3.  Hand samples and photomicrographs of rocks from Disuga pluton, Xiuwacu composite pluton, Tongchanggou pluton and the Relin pluton

      图  4  锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb年龄谐和图

      Fig.  4.  Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb concordia diagrams

      图  5  锆石-熔体的微量元素分配系数对三价(a, c, e, g, i)和四价阳离子(b, d, f, h, j)的晶格应变参数的对数图解

      a~b.地苏嘎石英闪长玢岩;c~d.休瓦促黑云母花岗岩;e~f.休瓦促二长花岗岩;g~h.铜厂沟花岗闪长斑岩;i~j.热林二长花岗岩

      Fig.  5.  Logarithmic diagrams of distribution coefficient of trace elements between zircon and melt for lattice strain parameters of trivalent (a, c, e, g, i) and tetravalent cations (b, d, f, h, j)

      图  6  锆石及全岩稀土元素球粒陨石标准化配分曲线

      a.地苏嘎石英闪长玢岩锆石稀土元素配分曲线; b.休瓦促黑云母花岗岩锆石稀土元素配分曲线; c.休瓦促二长花岗岩锆石稀土元素配分曲线; d.铜厂沟花岗闪长斑岩锆石稀土元素配分曲线; e.热林二长花岗岩锆石稀土元素配分曲线; f.不同岩体全岩稀土元素平均含量配分曲线

      Fig.  6.  Chondrite-normalized REE patterns of zircons and whole rocks

      图  7  锆石Ce4+/Ce3+与EuN/EuN*关系

      沙坪沟钼矿分布区来源于张红等,2011;智利北部含矿斑岩集中分布区来源于Ballard et al., 2002;普朗铜矿分布区来源于陈玲,2016;德兴铜矿分布区来源于Zhang et al., 2013;石门寺钨矿分布区来源于潘大鹏等,2017

      Fig.  7.  Relationship between zircon Ce4+/Ce3+ and EuN/EuN*

      图  8  氧逸度计算结果(据Trail et al., 2012修改)

      Fig.  8.  Rang of lgfo2 values(modified after Trail et al., 2012)

      表  1  全岩微量元素(10-6

      Table  1.   Whole-rock trace element data(10-6)

      岩石 样号 La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf U Th 数据来源
      铜厂沟花岗闪长斑岩 TCG8-42 73.60 123.00 12.05 39.80 6.02 1.44 3.83 0.55 2.54 0.50 1.26 0.18 1.10 0.19 5.90 7.31 24.20 本次研究
      TCG8-39 73.50 122.50 12.05 37.90 5.74 1.48 3.72 0.55 2.72 0.49 1.21 0.17 1.15 0.20 6.20 7.83 27.10
      TCG8-02 69.50 117.50 11.50 36.80 5.38 1.38 3.58 0.47 2.53 0.48 1.18 0.17 1.12 0.18 5.90 6.66 23.30
      TCG8-40-1 74.80 126.50 12.60 40.20 5.93 1.62 4.05 0.59 2.69 0.53 1.39 0.21 1.28 0.20 5.50 7.60 26.40
      平均值 72.85 122.38 12.05 38.68 5.77 1.48 3.80 0.54 2.62 0.50 1.26 0.18 1.16 0.19 5.88 7.35 25.25
      地苏嘎石英闪长玢岩 DSG-004 38.20 66.80 7.41 27.90 4.43 1.36 3.75 0.60 3.08 0.58 1.97 0.25 1.64 0.27 4.24 3.27 13.50 刘学龙等,2014
      DSG-005 39.60 66.20 7.62 30.00 5.16 1.33 3.71 0.65 3.34 0.62 1.88 0.26 1.70 0.27 4.53 3.50 13.60
      ED-21 45.40 88.50 9.88 35.70 6.21 1.63 4.64 0.62 3.35 0.65 1.89 0.27 1.80 0.26 5.66 3.98 15.90 潘彦宁等,2019
      ED-28 34.20 65.90 7.45 28.00 5.38 1.40 4.17 0.57 3.22 0.57 1.53 0.22 1.39 0.20 4.07 3.48 15.70
      ED-69 53.60 96.00 10.00 35.80 6.09 1.50 4.49 0.62 3.25 0.63 1.68 0.25 1.60 0.23 4.81 3.76 16.70
      平均值 42.20 76.68 8.47 31.48 5.45 1.44 4.15 0.61 3.25 0.61 1.79 0.25 1.63 0.25 4.66 3.60 15.08
      休瓦促黑云母花岗岩 XWC13-B5 24.40 45.60 7.10 23.70 4.40 1.10 3.80 0.50 2.70 0.60 1.80 0.30 1.90 0.30 0.70 5.70 22.00 Yan et al., 2020
      XWC13-B6 19.50 42.60 5.50 19.80 4.10 1.20 3.50 0.50 2.70 0.50 1.50 0.30 1.50 0.20 0.50 3.80 14.20
      XWC13-B20 44.40 83.90 9.50 30.60 5.00 1.00 4.20 0.50 3.00 0.60 2.00 0.30 2.00 0.30 0.50 7.20 37.30
      XWC13-B23 13.90 30.70 3.60 12.10 2.60 0.40 2.50 0.40 2.30 0.60 1.90 0.30 2.60 0.50 1.00 15.60 35.60
      XWC13-B24 30.90 52.60 6.30 20.60 3.50 0.90 3.00 0.40 2.20 0.50 1.40 0.30 1.70 0.30 0.40 7.50 24.10
      平均值 26.62 51.08 6.40 21.36 3.92 0.92 3.40 0.46 2.58 0.56 1.72 0.30 1.94 0.32 0.62 7.96 26.64
      休瓦促二长花岗岩 15XWC-6 51.33 90.70 9.21 29.07 5.11 0.56 4.52 0.68 3.96 0.80 2.44 0.39 2.72 0.43 5.91 13.25 48.72 陈莉等,2020
      15XWC-7 56.74 98.96 9.91 30.43 4.87 0.56 4.26 0.63 3.51 0.74 2.17 0.34 2.49 0.38 5.50 16.48 50.55
      15XWC-8 31.36 53.68 5.81 18.21 3.40 0.63 2.98 0.48 2.70 0.56 1.63 0.26 1.78 0.28 1.20 7.93 26.90
      平均值 46.48 81.11 8.31 25.90 4.46 0.58 3.92 0.59 3.39 0.70 2.08 0.33 2.33 0.37 4.20 12.55 42.06
      热林二长花岗岩 RL12-01 56.40 97.90 9.59 30.90 4.77 1.08 3.87 0.54 2.51 0.48 1.38 0.20 1.30 0.21 5.52 16.00 29.60 Wang et al., 2014a
      RL12-03 63.70 110.00 10.80 36.80 5.48 1.29 4.56 0.63 2.99 0.58 1.69 0.24 1.56 0.24 5.56 14.20 30.40
      RL12-04 47.00 84.00 8.20 26.90 4.07 0.93 3.26 0.45 2.23 0.43 1.18 0.18 1.20 0.19 5.07 13.20 24.80
      RL12-05 65.00 114.00 10.90 35.90 5.40 1.19 4.52 0.58 3.04 0.57 1.60 0.21 1.59 0.25 6.23 17.40 32.80
      RL12-06 54.50 94.50 9.00 29.40 4.33 1.15 3.69 0.47 2.32 0.45 1.31 0.18 1.21 0.18 5.25 11.60 25.40
      RL12-07 55.40 97.80 9.48 31.30 4.71 1.08 3.90 0.52 2.67 0.51 1.46 0.21 1.47 0.23 5.82 14.70 27.00
      RL12-08 53.00 94.80 9.27 31.50 4.95 1.13 4.14 0.56 2.73 0.54 1.55 0.21 1.45 0.25 5.62 14.30 26.10
      平均值 57.00 99.70 9.66 31.87 4.79 1.12 3.97 0.53 2.63 0.50 1.44 0.20 1.39 0.22 5.58 14.52 28.33
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  晶格应变模型偏离系数检验及拟合方程

      Table  2.   Deviation coefficient test of lattice strain model and fitting equation

      岩石 k1 k2 δK K1拟合线方程式 K2拟合线方程式 Hf-U-Th拟合线方程式
      地苏嘎石英闪长玢岩 -144.768 -139.545 2.585 y=-144.768x+4.099 y=-139.545x+4.030 y=-73.443x+3.332
      休瓦促黑云母花岗岩 -132.446 -127.997 2.624 y=-132.664x+3.800 y=-127.997x+3.741 y=-125.969x+4.074
      休瓦促二长花岗岩 -124.971 -120.715 2.821 y=-124.971x+3.611 y=-120.715x+3.554 y=-97.185x+3.430
      铜厂沟花岗闪长斑岩 -144.115 -143.302 0.394 y=-144.115x+3.839 y=-143.302x+3.829 y=-88.666x+3.259
      热林二长花岗岩 -140.641 -142.084 0.722 y=-140.641x+3.762 y=-142.084x+3.782 y=-96.471x+3.292
      注:方程式中,y为lgD锆石/全岩,是锆石/熔体的稀土元素配分系数的对数值;x为(ri/3+r0/6)(ri-r0)2,其中ri为稀土元素离子半径,r0为Zr4+离子半径.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  筛选后锆石微量元素计算的特征数值

      Table  3.   Characteristic values of trace elements in zircon after screening

      岩性 分析点号 ΣREE(10-6) (Ce4+/Ce3+)锆石 EuN/EuN* t(℃) lgfo2 Ce/Nd (Ce/Nd)/Y Dy/Yb Y/Ho
      热林二长花岗岩 RL1样品
      1 729.70 180 0.32 664 -12.4 24 0.03 0.17 35
      5 1 041.28 267 0.32 659 -14.6 10 0.01 0.26 32
      12 805.48 245 0.37 688 -14.8 18 0.02 0.20 33
      18 472.68 156 0.36 662 -16.0 23 0.04 0.21 31
      RL3样品
      3 572.30 169 0.35 646 -15.4 21 0.03 0.19 35
      4 1 134.71 421 0.27 698 -11.8 27 0.02 0.21 31
      13 549.54 194 0.44 676 -10.4 51 0.08 0.20 33
      17 642.56 362 0.51 665 -15.4 23 0.03 0.22 34
      18 485.19 143 0.38 664 -12.1 37 0.06 0.18 34
      平均 714.82 237 0.37 669 -13.7 26 0.03 0.20 33
      铜厂沟花岗闪长斑岩 TCG16样品
      1 851.71 492 0.56 717 -10.5 37 0.03 0.25 32
      2 724.61 432 0.63 699 -10.0 34 0.04 0.25 33
      3 407.90 234 0.65 663 55 0.11 0.20 32
      4 682.70 296 0.72 682 -11.3 54 0.07 0.17 34
      5 1 118.21 848 0.54 715 -9.6 23 0.02 0.31 30
      6 803.81 386 0.71 706 43 0.04 0.22 33
      8 427.98 123 0.72 640 48 0.09 0.18 35
      10 588.26 363 0.54 694 -9.1 32 0.05 0.21 33
      11 633.88 425 0.65 690 -11.1 33 0.04 0.24 32
      12 582.20 227 0.64 679 -8.1 22 0.03 0.20 34
      13 618.35 282 0.76 666 -12.6 34 0.05 0.20 32
      15 811.85 435 0.66 688 -12.0 34 0.03 0.21 34
      16 629.80 272 0.67 680 -12.4 29 0.04 0.21 33
      17 684.89 258 0.66 682 -11.7 29 0.04 0.19 33
      18 626.43 329 0.59 676 -12.7 32 0.04 0.18 36
      20 696.66 386 0.73 706 -9.2 34 0.04 0.22 33
      TCG21样品
      1 548.02 163 0.68 657 -15.0 22 0.03 0.17 36
      2 743.91 351 0.59 687 43 0.05 0.18 35
      3 747.72 398 0.54 689 -11.0 32 0.03 0.23 32
      6 658.96 361 0.64 706 32 0.04 0.21 33
      8 763.39 387 0.66 698 -5.0 35 0.04 0.23 33
      9 568.69 262 0.62 673 63 0.09 0.18 35
      10 929.56 523 0.68 740 -10.6 13 0.01 0.29 32
      11 932.98 532 0.60 724 -10.9 25 0.02 0.28 31
      12 568.89 310 0.62 680 -10.5 31 0.04 0.25 31
      14 510.75 218 0.72 661 -10.1 38 0.06 0.17 34
      15 532.71 301 0.54 697 -13.4 29 0.05 0.21 35
      17 766.18 366 0.60 689 -12.7 23 0.02 0.22 34
      18 1 081.48 646 0.65 727 38 0.03 0.28 31
      19 788.22 328 0.61 701 30 0.03 0.21 33
      20 875.77 486 0.65 711 -8.1 37 0.03 0.23 34
      平均 706.66 368 0.64 691 -10.8 34 0.04 0.22 33
      休瓦促黑云母花岗岩 XWC4-5样品
      1 1 306.37 340 0.48 678 -7.0 71 0.05 0.15 34
      2 923.04 305 0.48 715 -10.0 31 0.03 0.20 31
      3 1 325.08 396 0.46 736 49 0.03 0.19 32
      4 1 585.25 356 0.43 683 75 0.04 0.14 34
      5 1 759.63 552 0.40 722 56 0.03 0.21 32
      6 1 487.63 636 0.47 727 -4.8 48 0.03 0.22 31
      7 1 998.35 1 218 0.48 725 -8.9 22 0.01 0.28 31
      8 1 384.74 521 0.48 719 -1.0 47 0.03 0.19 32
      10 852.06 223 0.52 678 45 0.05 0.15 33
      11 937.19 253 0.47 681 35 0.03 0.20 33
      12 931.01 291 0.44 682 65 0.06 0.17 33
      13 1 242.27 332 0.45 690 58 0.04 0.16 33
      14 963.52 249 0.55 696 -3.0 42 0.04 0.16 32
      15 1 300.58 790 0.49 723 -7.1 32 0.02 0.26 31
      16 848.45 341 0.52 681 46 0.05 0.19 33
      18 1 259.14 421 0.48 701 -6.2 43 0.03 0.19 34
      19 1 146.40 326 0.54 677 59 0.04 0.16 33
      平均 1 250.04 444 0.48 701 -6.0 48 0.04 0.19 32
      休瓦促二长花岗岩 XWC4-11样品
      1 916.95 100 0.15 686 -13.8 19 0.02 0.25 32
      2 898.73 51 0.11 689 20 0.02 0.21 33
      3 1 081.32 64 0.17 666 -15.9 15 0.01 0.17 33
      4 1 165.19 163 0.29 734 -11.2 17 0.01 0.27 32
      6 524.84 45 0.14 666 -9.4 25 0.04 0.26 31
      7 1 368.72 54 0.11 653 23 0.01 0.18 32
      14 1 025.80 40 0.08 626 -18.6 21 0.02 0.17 33
      16 1 140.22 95 0.19 662 -12.7 21 0.02 0.20 32
      18 2 095.46 346 0.16 707 -12.7 10 0.00 0.39 30
      19 1 377.30 81 0.12 701 -14.7 17 0.01 0.19 33
      平均 1 159.45 104 0.15 679 -13.6 19 0.02 0.23 32
      地苏嘎石英闪长玢岩 DSG4-9样品
      1 1 649.46 573 0.61 777 -5.5 36 0.02 0.27 31
      3 1 679.77 563 0.61 754 41 0.02 0.23 33
      6 1 131.36 275 0.68 730 -7.7 35 0.03 0.16 34
      8 1 446.26 464 0.72 749 -4.7 43 0.02 0.21 33
      9 1 447.42 446 0.65 763 -8.4 22 0.01 0.26 31
      10 1 386.52 548 0.59 766 -7.1 31 0.02 0.27 31
      13 2 053.62 642 0.70 784 36 0.01 0.25 31
      15 1 827.05 530 0.78 763 -1.3 33 0.01 0.18 37
      17 2 052.98 636 0.71 771 -5.3 37 0.01 0.19 36
      20 1 454.62 472 0.63 749 -7.5 34 0.02 0.21 34
      平均 1 612.91 515 0.67 760 -5.9 35 0.02 0.22 33
      注:由于部分锆石La元素检测值低于检出限,导致lgfo2无法计算,以空值表示.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2021-04-09
    • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-29
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