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    云南金顶铅锌矿成矿时代厘定:来自沥青Re-Os同位素证据

    孙鹏程 李超 周利敏 屈文俊 王登红 高兰 李伟 李欣尉 赵鸿 杜安道

    孙鹏程, 李超, 周利敏, 屈文俊, 王登红, 高兰, 李伟, 李欣尉, 赵鸿, 杜安道, 2021. 云南金顶铅锌矿成矿时代厘定:来自沥青Re-Os同位素证据. 地球科学, 46(12): 4247-4259. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.085
    引用本文: 孙鹏程, 李超, 周利敏, 屈文俊, 王登红, 高兰, 李伟, 李欣尉, 赵鸿, 杜安道, 2021. 云南金顶铅锌矿成矿时代厘定:来自沥青Re-Os同位素证据. 地球科学, 46(12): 4247-4259. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.085
    Sun Pengcheng, Li Chao, Zhou Limin, Qu Wenjun, Wang Denghong, Gao Lan, Li Wei, Li Xinwei, Zhao Hong, Du Andao, 2021. Dating Metallogenic Age of Jinding Pb-Zn Deposit in Yunnan: Evidence from Re-Os Isotope of Bitumen. Earth Science, 46(12): 4247-4259. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.085
    Citation: Sun Pengcheng, Li Chao, Zhou Limin, Qu Wenjun, Wang Denghong, Gao Lan, Li Wei, Li Xinwei, Zhao Hong, Du Andao, 2021. Dating Metallogenic Age of Jinding Pb-Zn Deposit in Yunnan: Evidence from Re-Os Isotope of Bitumen. Earth Science, 46(12): 4247-4259. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.085

    云南金顶铅锌矿成矿时代厘定:来自沥青Re-Os同位素证据

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.085
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金 41873065

    科技部重点研发计划项目 2020YFA0714800

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      孙鹏程(1992-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事Re-Os分析测试工作.ORCID: 0000-0002-5784-1084.E-mail: pengchengsun1225@163.com

      通讯作者:

      李超, E-mail: Re-Os@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P581

    Dating Metallogenic Age of Jinding Pb-Zn Deposit in Yunnan: Evidence from Re-Os Isotope of Bitumen

    • 摘要: MVT型铅锌矿由于成矿温度低,目前没有发现十分合适的定年矿物,此外,由于多期成矿作用叠加以及成矿物质存在多元混合,严重制约了对此类矿床成矿年代学研究.前人对云南金顶超大型MVT铅锌矿床成因、物质来源、成矿条件等方面研究取得了重要成果,但对其形成时代各有所云,至今仍未定论.笔者在总结了大量前人研究成果的基础上,通过对跑马坪和架崖山矿段沥青样品开展Re-Os同位素定年研究,表明古油藏形成于59.1 Ma,金顶铅锌矿床的形成时代可能为27.7 Ma.早期的油气藏为后期铅锌矿的形成提供了十分重要的条件,穹隆构造为金属成矿提供了储矿空间,由于遭受构造及热液作用的破坏,油气裂解释放大量的还原性物质,为Pb、Zn等成矿物质迁移、富集、沉淀提供了重要载体,进而形成了金顶超大型铅锌矿床.研究结果表明,沥青Re-Os同位素不仅能够为MVT型铅锌矿床成矿年龄的厘定提供一种有效的技术途径,同时还能够为油气藏的生成、破坏等事件发生时代提供有利依据.

       

    • 图  1  西南三江(南段)地区大地构造图

      Ⅰ.扬子陆块: Ⅰ1.龙门山逆冲带, Ⅰ2.巴颜喀拉前陆盆地, Ⅰ3.雅江残余盆地, Ⅰ4.盐源-丽江陆缘坳陷带, Ⅰ5.楚雄前陆盆地; Ⅱ.三江多岛弧盆系: Ⅱ1.甘孜-理塘结合带, Ⅱ2.徳格-乡城岛弧(义敦岛弧): Ⅱ2-1.雀儿山.稻城外弧带, Ⅱ2-2.结古-义敦弧后盆地带, Ⅱ3.中咱-香格里拉地块; Ⅱ4.金沙江-哀牢山结合带: Ⅱ4-1.金沙江蛇绿混杂带, Ⅱ4-2.哀牢山蛇绿混杂带, Ⅱ5.昌都-普洱地块: Ⅱ5-1.江达-几家顶-维西陆缘火山弧, Ⅱ5-2.昌都-芒康双向弧后前陆盆地, Ⅱ5-3.杂多-东达山陆缘火山弧, Ⅱ5-4.墨江-绿春陆缘火山弧, Ⅱ5-5.兰坪-普洱双向弧后前陆盆地, Ⅱ5-6.云县-景洪晚陆缘火山弧; Ⅱ6.澜沧江结合带; Ⅱ7.左贡地块; Ⅱ8.临沧岩浆弧; Ⅱ9.班公湖-怒江-昌宁-孟连结合带: Ⅱ9-1.班公湖-怒江结合带, Ⅱ9-2.昌宁-孟连结合带, Ⅱ9-3.嘉玉桥残余弧带, Ⅱ10.保山地块: Ⅲ.冈底斯-高黎贡山-腾冲弧盆系: Ⅲ1.沙丁.洛隆弧前盆地, Ⅲ2.波密-腾冲岩浆弧, Ⅲ3.下察隅岩浆弧, Ⅲ4.雅鲁藏布江结合带; 据李文昌等(2014)改编

      Fig.  1.  The geotectonic zoning map of the "three rivers" (south section) area in the Southwest China

      图  2  金顶铅锌矿床矿区地质图

      1.逆冲推覆断层; 2.正断层; 3.性质不明断层; 4.地层界限; 5.不整合面; 6.岩层产状; 7.倒转岩层产状; 8.Pb-Zn矿体; 9.勘探线及编号; 10.采样位置; Q.第四系; E2g.始新统果郎组; E1y.古新统云龙组; K1h.下白垩统虎头寺组; K1j.下白垩统景星族; J2h.中侏罗统花开佐组; T3m.上三叠统麦初箐组; T3w1.上三叠统挖鲁八组; T3s.上三叠统三合洞组.图据云南地质三队, 1989. 云南省兰坪县金顶铅锌矿详细勘探地质报告.云南省地质矿产局, 昆明

      Fig.  2.  Geological map of the Jinding lead-zinc ore district

      图  3  金顶铅锌矿区采样位置(a), 沥青以团块状充填于含砾砂岩和砂岩晶洞中(b, c, d)以及以脉状充填于角砾岩型矿石、砂岩型矿石裂隙中(e)

      Fig.  3.  Sample location of Jinding Pb-Zn deposit (a), bitumen is packed in pebbled sandstone and sandstone crystal cavity (b, c, d) as well as stocked in vein-like in breccia type ore and sandstone type ore(e)

      图  4  金顶铅锌矿沥青Re-Os等时线年龄

      a.跑马坪矿段和架崖山; b.架崖山矿段

      Fig.  4.  Re-Os isochron ages of bitumen in Jinding lead-zinc deposit

      图  5  云南金顶铅锌矿区沥青Re-Os模拟演化线

      Fig.  5.  Re-Os simulation evolution line of asphalt in Yunnan Jinding lead-zinc mining areas

      图  6  云南金顶铅锌矿区成矿模式

      1.岩体; 2.三叠纪地层; 3.新进纪地层; 4.脉体或裂隙; 5.断裂

      Fig.  6.  Metallogenic model of Yunnan Jinding Pb-Zn orefield

      图  7  金顶铅锌矿床穹隆构造剖面图

      E1yb.云龙组上段角砾岩和砂岩; E1ya.云龙组下段粉砂泥岩; K1j.下白垩统景星组粗砂岩和岩屑石英砂岩; J2h.中侏罗统花开左组粉砂岩和泥岩; T3m.上三叠统麦初箐组含膏盐粉砂一细砂岩; T3s.上三叠统三合洞组灰岩夹白云岩; 1.角砾岩和砂岩; 2.粉砂质泥岩; 3.石英砂岩及粉砂岩; 4.粉砂岩和细砂岩; 5.粉砂岩和泥岩; 6.灰岩; 7.泥质灰岩; 8.金顶穹隆区的外来系统的逆冲推覆界面; 9.性质不明断层; 10.地层界线; 11.新近纪中低温热液矿床; 据曾普胜等(2016)改编

      Fig.  7.  Dome structure profile of Jinding lead-zinc deposit

      表  1  云南金顶铅锌矿沥青Re-Os同位素数据

      Table  1.   Re-Os isotope data of bitumen from Jinding lead-zinc deposit in Yunnan

      原样名 样重(g) Re (ng/g) 普Os(ng/g) 187Os(ng/g) 187Re/188Os 187Os/188Os
      测定值 不确定度 测定值 不确定度 测定值 不确定度 测定值 不确定度 测定值 不确定度
      PMP-2-3 0.236 1 192 9.74 1.146 0 0.013 0 1.419 0 0.014 0 5 025 71 9.514 0.107
      JYS-007-2 0.199 134.5 1.38 0.206 7 0.005 9 0.204 9 0.003 4 3 145 95 7.621 0.239
      PMP-1-5 0.175 41.92 2.46 0.126 8 0.005 9 0.097 3 0.001 1 1 757 132 5.895 0.276
      PMP-2-2 0.180 1 313 12.21 3.297 0 0.055 0 2.955 0 0.034 0 1 923 37 6.612 0.117
      JYS-012-1 0.078 359.0 3.33 0.910 7 0.009 4 0.776 9 0.008 1 1 904 26 6.556 0.069
      PMP-1 0.200 377.5 3.25 0.053 7 0.001 0 0.265 5 0.002 9 33 948 695 37.990 0.720
      PMP-1-1 0.161 388.6 3.12 0.065 4 0.002 2 0.280 8 0.003 2 28 696 993 32.980 1.120
      JYS-012-2 0.222 176.4 1.33 1.092 0 0.013 0 0.823 3 0.008 3 780.3 11.1 5.793 0.069
      JYS-012-3 0.204 289.8 2.80 0.644 8 0.006 2 0.541 1 0.004 8 2 171 29 6.449 0.053
      JYS-2 0.266 23.22 0.20 0.059 5 0.000 4 0.048 4 0.000 4 1 885 21 6.253 0.021
      JYS-007 0.203 153.4 1.34 0.200 3 0.002 4 0.185 8 0.002 1 3 698 55 7.126 0.094
      JYS007-3 0.218 82.1 0.60 0.232 4 0.002 1 0.187 3 0.001 8 1 707 20 6.193 0.050
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  金顶铅锌矿成矿年龄统计

      Table  2.   Metallogenic ages of Jinding lead-zinc deposit

      定年方法 测试对象 年龄(Ma) 数据来源
      裂变径迹 磷灰石 25.8~35.9 李小明等, 2000
      Re-Os 黄铁矿 72.0±4.4 薛春纪等, 2003
      锆石U-Pb 矿石和砂质胶结物 225.0±7.8(最年轻) 修群业等, 2006a
      花粉分析 含泥质细砂岩 晚三叠世 修群业等, 2006b
      铅同位素 黄铁矿、铅锌矿 235 修群业等, 2006b
      Rb-Sr 黄铁矿和闪锌矿 228±24 修群业, 2008
      Re-Os 黄铁矿 65±10 唐永永等, 2013
      Re-Os 沥青 68±5 高炳宇等, 2012
      铅同位素 方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿 181~229 唐永永等, 2013
      铅同位素 方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿 119.1~229.9 宋祥峰, 2015
      下载: 导出CSV
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