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    黎府构造带北部南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩的发现及其地质意义

    吴松洋 聂飞 刘书生 谢恩顺 冷秋锋 李雁龙 吴振波 张红

    吴松洋, 聂飞, 刘书生, 谢恩顺, 冷秋锋, 李雁龙, 吴振波, 张红, 2022. 黎府构造带北部南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩的发现及其地质意义. 地球科学, 47(8): 2871-2888. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.092
    引用本文: 吴松洋, 聂飞, 刘书生, 谢恩顺, 冷秋锋, 李雁龙, 吴振波, 张红, 2022. 黎府构造带北部南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩的发现及其地质意义. 地球科学, 47(8): 2871-2888. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.092
    Wu Songyang, Nie Fei, Liu Shusheng, Xie Enshun, Leng Qiufeng, Li Yanlong, Wu Zhenbo, Zhang Hong, 2022. The Discovery of Ophiolitic Complex in Namhonr, Northern Loei Tectonic Belt and Its Geological Significance. Earth Science, 47(8): 2871-2888. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.092
    Citation: Wu Songyang, Nie Fei, Liu Shusheng, Xie Enshun, Leng Qiufeng, Li Yanlong, Wu Zhenbo, Zhang Hong, 2022. The Discovery of Ophiolitic Complex in Namhonr, Northern Loei Tectonic Belt and Its Geological Significance. Earth Science, 47(8): 2871-2888. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.092

    黎府构造带北部南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩的发现及其地质意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.092
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190444

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      吴松洋(1989-), 男, 工程师, 博士, 从事东南亚构造演化与成矿效应研究.ORCID: 0000-0002-7587-0284.E-mail: songywu@163.com

      通讯作者:

      聂飞, E-mail: niefei_cdcgs@qq.com

    • 中图分类号: P56;P58;P59

    The Discovery of Ophiolitic Complex in Namhonr, Northern Loei Tectonic Belt and Its Geological Significance

    • 摘要: 东南亚特提斯构造格架复杂,特别是印支板块西缘琅勃拉邦-黎府构造带构造演化及区域构造线连接更是争议不断. 通过老挝西北部填图工作,首次在黎府构造带北部南莫溪地区发现保存完整的蛇绿混杂岩,为探讨黎府构造带的属性以及区域古地理格局,选取了蛇绿混杂岩中的含放射虫硅质岩、辉长岩以及洋岛海山中的礁灰岩,开展了岩相学、古生物学、锆石LA⁃ICP⁃MS U⁃Pb年代学、岩石地球化学研究. 结果表明,该蛇绿混杂岩出露端元包括蛇纹岩、蛇纹石化橄榄岩、辉长岩、辉绿岩、玄武岩和硅质岩,蛇绿岩套层序特征完整;辉长岩LA⁃ICP⁃MS锆石U⁃Pb年龄为350.4±3.3 Ma,成岩为早石炭世;洋岛海山中珊瑚种属为Thamnopora sp.和Paracravenia sp.,所属时代为中二叠世;硅质岩岩石地球化学元素特征指示其为生物成因,沉积环境为洋盆或开阔的盆地环境,放射虫共鉴定出9属30种,所属时代为中泥盆世-早石炭世. 综合本次研究,反映出南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩所代表的洋盆具有长期的演化历史,从晚泥盆世开始,一直持续到中二叠世还未结束,演化时间至少超过135 Ma,指示了该蛇绿混杂岩代表残留的古特提斯洋盆,而非弧后盆地. 认为黎府构造带向北应与琅勃拉邦构造带相连,且该区域从晚泥盆世开始一直存在古特提斯洋.

       

    • 图  1  黎府构造带大地构造位置图(据Shi et al., 2019修改)

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic map of Loeibelt (modified from Shi et al., 2019)

      图  2  黎府构造带南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩地质图

      Fig.  2.  Geologicalmap of namhonrophiolitic complex in Loeibelt

      图  3  浊积岩鲍马序列野外地质特征

      a. 具递变层理的杂砂岩(A段)与远洋泥质沉积黑色、黄绿色页岩、泥岩(E段)界线;b. 具小型流水沙纹交错层理和爬升沙纹交错层理粉砂岩(C段)、具有断续水平纹层泥质粉砂和粉砂质(D段)及E段界线;c. C段滑塌变形层理;d. C段包卷层理

      Fig.  3.  Field outcrops of turbidite showing geological characteristics

      图  4  南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩柱状图及野外和镜下照片

      a. 硅质岩野外露头;b. 硅质岩单偏光镜下照片;c. 辉绿岩野外露头;d. 辉绿岩单偏光镜下照片;e. 辉长岩野外露头;f. 辉长岩正交偏光镜下照片;g. 蛇纹石化橄榄岩野外露头;h. 蛇纹石化橄榄岩正交偏光镜下照片

      Fig.  4.  Stratigraphic column, field outcrops and microscopic photos of Namhonr ophiolitic complex

      图  5  蛇绿混杂岩实测剖面

      Fig.  5.  Section map of Namhonr ophiolitic complex

      图  6  南莫溪地区“洋岛-海山”岩块实测剖面

      Fig.  6.  Section of oceanic island⁃seamount in Namhonr area

      图  7  南莫溪地区洋岛-海山野外照片

      a. 玄武岩与生物礁灰岩整合接触带;b. 海山边部的垮塌岩块和砾石;c. 生物礁灰岩;d. 礁灰岩中珊瑚化石

      Fig.  7.  Field outcrops of oceanic island⁃seamount in Namhonr area

      图  8  南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩构造变形特征

      a. 绿泥石片岩;b. 不对称褶皱;c. 糜棱面理S2和δ型碎斑;d. 密集劈理带

      Fig.  8.  Tectonic deformation characteristics of Namhonrophioliticcomplex

      图  9  辉长岩锆石CL图像

      Fig.  9.  Zircon CL image of gabbro

      图  10  南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩中辉长岩锆石LA⁃ICP⁃MS U⁃Pb年龄谐和图及加权年龄图

      Fig.  10.  Zircon LA⁃ICP⁃MS U⁃Pb concordia diagram and weighted average age of gabbro from Namhonr ophiolitic complex

      图  11  南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩中硅质岩稀土元素配分曲线

      Fig.  11.  NASC⁃normalized REE diagrams of chert from Namhonr ophiolitic complex

      图  12  硅质岩中放射虫化石

      1. Trilonche sp. C;3. Trilonche sp. D;4. Palaeoscenidium(?)sp.;5,6,9,18. Trilonche sp. cf. T. parapalimbola Wang;7,10. Trilonche palimbola(Foreman);8. Trilonche sp. cf. T. palimbola(Foreman);11. Stigmosphaerostylus sp.;12. Trilonche vetusta Hinde;13. Helenifore robustum(Boundy⁃Sanders and Murchey);14,16,20. Stigmosphaerostylus tortispina(Ormiston and Lane);15. Stigmosphaerostylus sp. cf. S. tortispina(Ormiston and Lane);2,17. Stigmosphaerostylusvariospina(Won);19. Trilonche minax(Hinde);21. Trilonche davidi(Hinde);比例尺A、B、C均代附表 100 μm,A. 1,4;B. 2,6~10,13~16,18~21;C. 3,5,11,12,17

      Fig.  12.  Radiolarian fossils in the chert

      图  13  南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩中硅质岩Al⁃Fe⁃Mn(a)和Al/(Al+Fe+Mn)⁃Al2O3/TiO2(b)图解

      Fig.  13.  Al⁃Fe⁃Mn(a) and Al/(Al+Fe+Mn)⁃Al2O3/TiO2(b) diagrams for the radiolarian chert in the Namhonr ophiolitic complex

      图  14  南莫溪蛇绿混杂岩中硅质岩Fe2O3/TiO2⁃Al2O3/(Al2O3+Fe2O3)(a)和(La/Ce)N⁃Al2O3/(Al2O3+Fe2O3)(b)判别图解

      Fig.  14.  Fe2O3/TiO2⁃Al2O3/(Al2O3+Fe2O3)(a) and (La/Ce)N⁃Al2O3/(Al2O3+Fe2O3) (b) diagrams for the radiolarian chert in the Namhonrophiolitic complex

      图  15  东特提斯缝合带各类岩石年龄数据统计图(据Metcalfe et al., 2017修改)

      Fig.  15.  Agesofcherts, carbonates, ophiolites, complex and basalts that constrain the age duration of eastern Palaeo⁃Tethys suture zones(modified after Metcalfe et al., 2017).

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