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    大兴安岭北段免渡河地区晚石炭世二长花岗岩成因:锆石U⁃Pb年代学、Hf同位素和地球化学证据

    许逢明 孙巍 吴大天 王奎良 周永恒

    许逢明, 孙巍, 吴大天, 王奎良, 周永恒, 2022. 大兴安岭北段免渡河地区晚石炭世二长花岗岩成因:锆石U⁃Pb年代学、Hf同位素和地球化学证据. 地球科学, 47(8): 2839-2855. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.162
    引用本文: 许逢明, 孙巍, 吴大天, 王奎良, 周永恒, 2022. 大兴安岭北段免渡河地区晚石炭世二长花岗岩成因:锆石U⁃Pb年代学、Hf同位素和地球化学证据. 地球科学, 47(8): 2839-2855. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.162
    Xu Fengming, Sun Wei, Wu Datian, Wang Kuiliang, Zhou Yongheng, 2022. The Petrogenesis of Late Carboniferous Monzogranite in Mianduhe Area, Northern Great Xing'an Range: Evidence from Zircon U⁃Pb Ages, Hf Isotopic and Geochemical Features. Earth Science, 47(8): 2839-2855. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.162
    Citation: Xu Fengming, Sun Wei, Wu Datian, Wang Kuiliang, Zhou Yongheng, 2022. The Petrogenesis of Late Carboniferous Monzogranite in Mianduhe Area, Northern Great Xing'an Range: Evidence from Zircon U⁃Pb Ages, Hf Isotopic and Geochemical Features. Earth Science, 47(8): 2839-2855. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.162

    大兴安岭北段免渡河地区晚石炭世二长花岗岩成因:锆石U⁃Pb年代学、Hf同位素和地球化学证据

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.162
    基金项目: 

    国家重点研发计划深地资源勘查开采专项项目 2017YFC0601305

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 1212011220437

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20201162

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      许逢明(1985-), 男, 高级工程师, 主要从事区域矿产地质调查.ORCID: 0000-0003-4470-3149.E-mail: 839381949@qq.com

      通讯作者:

      孙巍, ORCID: 0000-0003-0269-0730.E-mail: soohiboy@126.com

    • 中图分类号: P597

    The Petrogenesis of Late Carboniferous Monzogranite in Mianduhe Area, Northern Great Xing'an Range: Evidence from Zircon U⁃Pb Ages, Hf Isotopic and Geochemical Features

    • 摘要: 为了确定大兴安岭北段晚石炭世二长花岗岩的成因及其构造背景,对免渡河地区二长花岗岩样品进行了锆石U⁃Pb年代学、Hf同位素及地球化学分析测试.锆石U⁃Pb测年结果显示,二长花岗岩形成于307~308 Ma,为晚石炭世岩浆活动的产物.主量元素特征表明,二长花岗岩具有富碱(全碱=7.28%~9.08%)、高钾(K2O=3.45%~5.54%)和弱过铝质(A/CNK=1.02~1.19)特征,属高钾钙碱性I型花岗岩.微量元素特征表明,二长花岗岩具有中等的负铕异常(δEu=0.29~0.77),明显富集大离子亲石元素(Rb、K、Th、U)和轻稀土元素,显著亏损高场强元素(Nb、Ta、Ti)和P元素.此外Hf同位素特征显示,εHft)值为介于+7.7~+12.5,tDM2年龄介于501~764 Ma,表明岩浆来源于新元古代晚期下地壳新增生的角闪岩相物质部分熔融形成,并经历了显著的结晶分离过程.结合年代学、地球化学与区域地质特征,认为免渡河地区二长花岗岩是额尔古纳-兴安地块与松嫩地块碰撞拼贴后的后碰撞阶段的产物.

       

    • 图  1  中国东北大地构造分区图(据Liu et al., 2017修编)(a); 免渡河地区地质简图(b)

      EB. 额尔古纳地块;XB. 兴安地块;SNB. 松嫩地块;JB. 佳木斯地块;KB. 堪察加地块;NT. 那单哈达增生地体;XXS. 新林一喜桂图缝合带;HHS. 贺根山一黑河缝合带;MYS. 牡丹江一依兰缝合带;SXCYS. 索伦科尔一西拉木伦一长春一延吉缝合带;1. 德尔布干断裂;2. 嫩江一八里罕断裂;3. 佳木斯一依兰断裂;4. 敦化一密山断裂;5. 跃进山断裂;6. 赤峰一开源断裂

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic division of the NE China, showing the major blocks, sutures, and faults (modified after Liu et al., 2017)(a); Schematic geological map of Mianduhe area (b)

      图  2  免渡河二长花岗岩手标本、野外露头和正交偏光显微镜下照片

      Pl. 斜长石;Kfs. 钾长石;Qz. 石英;Bit. 黑云母;a. 中粗粒二长花岗岩手标本(3320⁃2);b. 中粗粒二长花岗岩正交偏光显微照片;c. 中细粒黑云母二长花岗岩手标本(S004);d. 中细粒黑云母二长花岗岩正交偏光显微照片;e. 中细粒黑云母二长花岗岩野外露头(S013);f. 中细粒黑云母二长花岗岩正交偏光显微照片

      Fig.  2.  Hand specimens, field outcrop and orthogonal polarizing microscope photos of Minduhe monzogranite

      图  3  免渡河二长花岗岩TAS(全碱⁃SiO2)图解(a, 据Irvine and Baragar, 1971); A/CNK⁃A/NK图解(b, 据Maniar and Piccoli, 1989); SiO2⁃FeOT/(FeOT+MgO)图解(c, 据Frost et al., 2001);SiO2⁃K2O图解(d, 据Rickwood et al., 1989); 稀土元素球粒陨石标准化配分模式图解(e, 球粒陨石标准化值据Sun and Mcdonough, 1989); 微量元素原始地幔标准化蛛网图解(f, 原始地幔标准化值据Sun and Mcdonough, 1989

      Fig.  3.  TAS(Alk vs SiO2) diagram(a, after Irvine and Baragar, 1971); A/CNK vs A/NK diagram (b, after Maniar and Piccoli, 1989); SiO2 vs FeOT/(FeOT+MgO) diagram (c, after Frost et al., 2001); SiO2 vs K2O diagram (d, after Rickwood et al., 1989); Chondrite⁃normalized REE distribution pattern diagram(e, the chondrite normalization values after Sun and Mcdonough, 1989); Primitive Mantle⁃normalized trace element spider diagram(f, the primitive mantle normalization values after Sun and Mcdonough, 1989) of Minaduhe monzogranite

      图  4  免渡河二长花岗岩样品锆石阴极发光(CL)图像

      Fig.  4.  Zircon CL images of Mianduhe monzogranite samples

      图  5  免渡河二长花岗岩样品锆石U⁃Pb谐和图

      Fig.  5.  Ziron U⁃Pb Concordia diagrams of Mianduhe monzogranite samples

      图  6  免渡河二长花岗岩样品Hf同位素特征与锆石年龄关系图

      中亚造山带及华北克拉通数值参考Yang et al(2006)

      Fig.  6.  Correlations between Hf isotopic compositions and ages of zircons from Mianduhe monzogranite samples

      图  7  免渡河二长花岗岩成因类型判别图解

      a. Nb⁃10 000Ga/Al图解;b. Zr⁃10 000Ga/Al图解;c.(K2O+Na2O)/CaO⁃(Zr+Nb+Ce+Y)图解;d. FeOT/MgO⁃(Zr+Nb+Ce+Y)图解;a、b、c、d底图据Whalen et al.(1987);A、I & S. A、I & S型花岗岩;FG. 分异的I型花岗岩区;OGT. 未分异的I & S花岗岩区

      Fig.  7.  Discriminant Diagram of Genetic Types of Mianduhe monzogranite

      图  8  免渡河二长花岗岩主量元素(Al2O3+FeOT+MgO+TiO2)⁃Al2O3/(FeOT+MgO+TiO2)图解

      PlAn50. 斜长石(An=50);PlAn15. 斜长石(An=15);Kfs. 钾长石;Bt. 黑云母;Ms. 白云母;Grt.石榴子石;Amp. 角闪石;a. 据Patiño,(1999);b. 造岩矿物分离结晶趋势图(Sr⁃Ba),据Janouek et al.(2004);c. Th×10-6⁃Rb×10-6图解

      Fig.  8.  Major elements(Al2O3+FeOT+MgO+TiO2) vs Al2O3/(FeOT+MgO+TiO2) diagram

      图  9  免渡河二长花岗岩主量元素哈克图解

      a. P2O5⁃SiO2图解;b. TiO2⁃SiO2图解;c. Al2O3⁃SiO2图解;d. FeOT⁃SiO2图解;e. MgO⁃SiO2图解;f. CaO⁃SiO2图解

      Fig.  9.  Harker diagrams for Mianduhe monzogranite

      图  10  免渡河二长花岗岩构造环境判别图解

      Rb⁃(Y+Nb)(a,据Pearce,1984);Hf⁃3Ta⁃Rb/30(b,据Harris,1986);FeOT/(MgO+FeOT)⁃SiO2及FeOT⁃SiO2(c和d,据Maniar and Piccoli, 1989);AG. 岛弧花岗岩类;CAG. 大陆弧花岗岩类;CCG. 大陆碰撞花岗岩类;POG. 后造山花岗岩类;RRG. 与裂谷有关的花岗岩类;CEUG. 与大陆的造陆抬升有关的花岗岩类

      Fig.  10.  Discriminant relations of tectonic environment of Mianduhe monzogranite

      表  1  免渡河二长花岗岩样品主量元素分析测试结果

      Table  1.   Major compositions of Mianduhe monzogranite

      样品编号 3029‐1 3332‐1 3320‐2 S004 S005 S014 S013 G217 G334‐2
      SiO2 73.39 70.47 71.28 70.93 74.92 75.63 67.49 67.47 74.48
      TiO2 0.24 0.38 0.36 0.311 0.19 0.15 0.52 0.55 0.24
      Al2O3 13.86 14.65 14.32 14.87 13.23 12.78 15.45 15.62 14.18
      Fe2O3 1.68 2.63 2.47 2.25 1.22 1.32 3.28 3.57 0.95
      FeO 1.02 1.58 0.97 0.96 1.00 1.18 2.01 1.91 0.49
      MnO 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.07 0.06 0.01
      MgO 0.55 1.02 0.98 0.85 0.23 0.22 1.27 1.51 0.15
      CaO 1.57 1.57 1.32 2.25 0.61 0.43 2.18 2.71 0.53
      Na2O 3.66 3.63 3.7 3.84 3.54 3.55 4.01 3.83 3.61
      K2O 4.35 4.44 4.19 3.84 5.54 5.32 3.76 3.45 4.62
      P2O5 0.09 0.15 0.15 0.11 0.04 0.04 0.21 0.19 0.09
      LOI 0.53 0.96 1.08 0.6 0.46 0.52 1.76 1.02 1.12
      Total 100.98 101.53 100.87 100.86 101.01 101.16 102.01 101.89 100.47
      Na2O+K2O 8.01 8.07 7.89 7.68 9.08 8.87 7.77 7.28 8.23
      Na2O/K2O 0.84 0.82 0.88 1.00 0.64 0.67 1.07 1.11 0.78
      A/CNK 1.02 1.08 1.10 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.06 1.04 1.19
      A/NK 1.29 1.36 1.35 1.42 1.12 1.10 1.45 1.56 1.30
      δ 2.11 2.37 2.20 2.11 2.58 2.41 2.47 2.17 2.15
      FeOT 2.53 3.94 3.19 2.98 2.10 2.37 4.96 5.12 1.34
      Mg# 30.46 34.12 38.02 36.44 17.91 15.78 33.87 37.11 18.49
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  免渡河地区二长花岗岩类稀土元素分析测试结果(10-6

      Table  2.   Rare earth element(10-6) compositions of Mianduhe monzogranite

      样品编号 3029‐1 3332‐1 3320‐2 S004 S005 S014 S013 G217 G334‐2
      La 23.70 33.70 27.60 26.40 46.50 34.60 35.30 34.10 26.00
      Ce 47.40 75.00 69.40 56.10 85.10 69.40 77.60 77.90 48.50
      Pr 4.46 8.12 6.99 5.40 11.40 8.01 9.67 8.31 6.00
      Nd 14.90 31.00 26.50 19.70 42.40 29.20 37.60 32.60 22.80
      Sm 2.06 5.68 5.07 3.63 7.69 5.08 7.33 6.44 4.63
      Eu 0.44 0.87 0.84 0.72 0.65 0.44 1.34 1.19 0.93
      Gd 1.48 4.40 4.43 3.26 6.01 3.74 6.32 5.05 4.02
      Tb 0.20 0.73 0.67 0.56 0.92 0.53 0.97 0.93 0.59
      Dy 1.04 3.93 3.34 2.65 3.96 2.11 5.12 4.94 2.82
      Ho 0.23 0.70 0.65 0.51 0.75 0.35 0.97 0.89 0.49
      Er 0.76 2.20 1.96 1.65 2.10 0.86 3.28 2.36 1.30
      Tm 0.15 0.36 0.28 0.24 0.33 0.14 0.45 0.41 0.22
      Yb 1.27 2.10 2.06 2.18 2.25 0.96 3.50 2.42 1.58
      Lu 0.22 0.32 0.26 0.23 0.34 0.15 0.47 0.31 0.21
      Y 8.00 21.40 19.70 16.60 20.50 9.71 29.90 25.60 13.30
      ΣREE 98.31 169.12 150.04 123.23 210.40 155.56 189.91 177.85 120.09
      LREE 92.96 154.37 136.40 111.95 193.74 146.73 168.84 160.54 108.86
      HREE 5.35 14.75 13.64 11.29 16.65 8.83 21.07 17.31 11.23
      LREE/HREE 17.37 10.47 10.00 9.92 11.63 16.62 8.01 9.27 9.69
      LaN/YbN 13.39 11.51 9.61 8.69 14.82 25.83 7.23 10.11 11.80
      δEu 0.77 0.53 0.54 0.64 0.29 0.31 0.6 0.64 0.66
      δCe 1.13 1.11 1.23 1.15 0.91 1.02 1.03 1.13 0.95
      注:ΣREE不包括Y
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  免渡河地区二长花岗岩类微量元素分析测试结果(10-6

      Table  3.   Trace element(10-6) compositions of Mianduhe monzogranite

      样品编号 3029‐1 3332‐1 3320‐2 S004 S005 S014 S013 G217 G334‐2
      Rb 168 159 172 139 188 154 104 107 161
      Sr 224 305 267 300 79 78 419 417 179
      Ba 363 673 548 580 237 186 666 790 427
      Th 24.70 25.80 17.20 17.30 24.80 29.50 13.30 11.20 21.80
      U 2.03 2.99 2.65 2.42 2.49 2.22 2.07 3.65 2.57
      Nb 8.50 12.40 11.80 8.71 14.60 4.67 14.10 13.00 12.80
      Ta 0.72 1.17 1.10 0.92 1.45 0.15 1.37 1.44 1.52
      Zr 98 65 67 98 147 146 97 101 99
      Hf 3.88 2.44 2.53 2.93 4.78 4.80 2.50 3.16 3.62
      Co 2.63 5.35 5.09 5.35 0.99 1.07 7.14 8.02 2.59
      Ni 3.35 8.60 7.95 5.64 0.86 0.71 9.96 9.18 2.16
      Cr 5.20 14.10 13.60 9.17 1.09 0.71 14.80 12.60 4.43
      V 21.10 40.60 38.50 40.50 9.08 9.02 56.20 60.40 17.60
      Sc 4.17 5.13 5.06 6.06 5.39 5.57 7.56 7.35 2.68
      Li 30.50 42.00 32.60 33.10 18.30 6.18 24.90 22.10 10.40
      Cs 2.48 4.56 3.08 6.50 2.57 1.71 4.69 3.14 4.21
      Be 2.29 2.76 2.72 2.36 2.54 1.66 3.08 2.87 1.67
      Ga 16.00 18.30 17.60 17.70 17.30 16.00 19.50 19.10 15.40
      In 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.02
      Tl 0.79 0.87 0.93 0.75 1.07 0.81 0.54 0.62 0.86
      Cu 7.86 18.50 13.30 8.73 9.04 1.24 19.50 22.80 3.88
      Pb 24.70 22.50 20.10 23.80 25.80 27.10 21.20 19.00 26.50
      Zn 31.40 49.50 49.30 48.30 36.60 33.40 62.50 59.00 44.80
      Re 0.004 0.006 0.002 0.003 0.002 < 0.002 < 0.002 0.009 0.006
      Sb 0.01 0.06 0.04 0.14 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.07 0.09
      Bi 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.22 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.10
      W 0.17 0.12 0.16 0.11 0.15 0.43 0.31 0.14 0.70
      Mo 0.69 0.33 0.52 0.44 0.17 0.58 0.31 0.59 0.60
      Cd 0.06 0.05 0.18 0.04 0.32 0.05 0.13 0.14 0.52
      注:Re(10-9)
      下载: 导出CSV
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