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    珠江口盆地中生代陆缘岩浆弧地质特征及构造背景

    高阳东 张向涛 张丽丽 吴哲 劳妙姬 李洪博 吴婷婷

    高阳东, 张向涛, 张丽丽, 吴哲, 劳妙姬, 李洪博, 吴婷婷, 2022. 珠江口盆地中生代陆缘岩浆弧地质特征及构造背景. 地球科学, 47(7): 2317-2327. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.247
    引用本文: 高阳东, 张向涛, 张丽丽, 吴哲, 劳妙姬, 李洪博, 吴婷婷, 2022. 珠江口盆地中生代陆缘岩浆弧地质特征及构造背景. 地球科学, 47(7): 2317-2327. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.247
    Gao Yangdong, Zhang Xiangtao, Zhang Lili, Wu Zhe, Lao Miaoji, Li Hongbo, Wu Tingting, 2022. Geological Characteristics and Tectonic Settings of Mesozoic Continental Margin Magmatic Arc in Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 47(7): 2317-2327. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.247
    Citation: Gao Yangdong, Zhang Xiangtao, Zhang Lili, Wu Zhe, Lao Miaoji, Li Hongbo, Wu Tingting, 2022. Geological Characteristics and Tectonic Settings of Mesozoic Continental Margin Magmatic Arc in Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 47(7): 2317-2327. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.247

    珠江口盆地中生代陆缘岩浆弧地质特征及构造背景

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.247
    基金项目: 

    中海石油(中国)有限公司重大生产科研项目 SCKY-2020-SZ-21

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      高阳东(1975-), 男, 教授级高工, 长期从事中国海域油气勘探与开发方面的研究.ORCID: 0000-0001-8776-1897.E-mail: gaoyd@cnooc.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Geological Characteristics and Tectonic Settings of Mesozoic Continental Margin Magmatic Arc in Pearl River Mouth Basin

    • 摘要: 明确珠江口盆地中生代陆缘岩浆弧特征及构造演化过程对于古潜山勘探至关重要.综合构造学、岩石学、年代学、地球化学与地球物理学现有成果,认为珠江口盆地基底主要为燕山期岩浆杂岩,以中酸性侵入岩为主,中生代岩浆活动以105~165 Ma最为强烈,发育了NE-NEE走向和NW-NWW走向两组中生代断裂.区域构造研究表明中生代期间,珠江口盆地处于古太平洋板片俯冲作用控制的陆缘岩浆弧构造环境,岩浆岩具有流体活动元素富集、Ta-Nb-Ti亏损的特征,形成复合火山岩-侵入岩“双层”岩性组合.重建了珠江口盆地中生代陆缘岩浆弧5个阶段的形成演化过程,揭示了珠江口盆地古潜山的成山背景.

       

    • 图  1  珠江口盆地前新生代基底岩性单元分布

      Fig.  1.  Lithology of pre-cenozoic basement in Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  2  珠江口盆地前新生代典型基底岩性及显微特征

      Qtz.石英;Kfs.钾长石;Am.角闪石;Pl.斜长石;Mc.微斜长石

      Fig.  2.  Typical pre-Cenozoic basement lithology and microscopic features in Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  3  珠江口盆地前古近系侵入岩硅碱分类和QAP分类

      Fig.  3.  Alkali-silica diagram and QAP diagram of pre-Tertiary igneous rocks of Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  4  珠江口盆地基底岩浆岩锆石U-Pb年龄谐和图

      Fig.  4.  Zircon U-Pb concordia plots of basement igneous samples of Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  5  珠江口盆地中生代基底岩浆岩年龄及岩浆活动期次

      Fig.  5.  Magma age and activity episodes of Mesozoic basement in Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  6  珠江口盆地基底花岗岩样品K2O- SiO2图解(a)和微量元素原始地幔标准化蛛网图(b)

      Fig.  6.  K2O-SiO2 diagram (a) and primitive mantle-normalized trace element spider diagram (b) of basement granite in Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  7  珠江口盆地两组中生代断裂发育期次及形成机制

      Fig.  7.  The development phase and formation mechanism of the pre-existing faults in Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  8  珠江口盆地基底花岗岩类(Y+Nb)‒Rb构造环境判别

      方框代表南海北部样品,圆圈为华南样品;数据张成晨等(2019)Xu et al.(2016, 2017)、耿红燕等(2006)徐夕生等(2007)邱检生等(2004)于津海等(2005)周新民(2007)

      Fig.  8.  (Y+Nb)‒Rb tectonic setting discrimination by basement granite of Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  9  珠江口盆地中生代陆缘岩浆弧构造‒岩性模型

      Fig.  9.  Structural-lithologic model of Mesozoic continental margin volcanic arc in Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  10  珠江口盆地古潜山形成的区域构造背景

      Fig.  10.  Regional tectonic setting of the formation of buried hills in Pearl River Mouth Basin

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