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    长江中游荆江段地下水排泄的量化及其空间差异性分析

    周子皓 杜尧 孙晓梁 范红晨 邓娅敏

    周子皓, 杜尧, 孙晓梁, 范红晨, 邓娅敏, 2024. 长江中游荆江段地下水排泄的量化及其空间差异性分析. 地球科学, 49(4): 1448-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.266
    引用本文: 周子皓, 杜尧, 孙晓梁, 范红晨, 邓娅敏, 2024. 长江中游荆江段地下水排泄的量化及其空间差异性分析. 地球科学, 49(4): 1448-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.266
    Zhou Zihao, Du Yao, Sun Xiaoliang, Fan Hongchen, Deng Yamin, 2024. Quantification of Groundwater Discharge and Its Spatial Variability in Jingjiang Section of Middle Reach of the Yangtze River. Earth Science, 49(4): 1448-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.266
    Citation: Zhou Zihao, Du Yao, Sun Xiaoliang, Fan Hongchen, Deng Yamin, 2024. Quantification of Groundwater Discharge and Its Spatial Variability in Jingjiang Section of Middle Reach of the Yangtze River. Earth Science, 49(4): 1448-1458. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.266

    长江中游荆江段地下水排泄的量化及其空间差异性分析

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.266
    基金项目: 

    湖北省科技计划项目 2020BCA088

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      周子皓(1996-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事水文水资源方面的研究工作.ORCID:0000-0002-2795-2314. E-mail:zzhgemini@163.com

      通讯作者:

      杜尧,研究员,E-mail:yaodu@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P641.8

    Quantification of Groundwater Discharge and Its Spatial Variability in Jingjiang Section of Middle Reach of the Yangtze River

    • 摘要: 地下水与河流的相互作用对于维持河流生态系统的健康十分关键,但是目前对于地下水向湿润地区大型河流排泄过程的定量化研究较为薄弱.针对这一问题,以长江中游荆江段为研究区,通过野外采样和水文气象数据收集,利用222Rn质量平衡模型定量估算长江中游荆江段的地下水排泄,并用EC质量平衡模型及水量平衡模型验证222Rn质量平衡的结果.结果显示:长江中游荆江段的平均地下水排泄速率为133 mm/d,排泄总量为1.06×108 m3/d,对水量平衡的贡献约为10.99%.其中枝城-沙市段地下水排泄速率最大,监利-螺山段地下水排泄速率最低.含水层富水性和地下水位可能是控制地下水排泄速率的关键因素.本研究对于流域水资源管理具有重要意义,也可为今后长江中游地区水资源的合理开发利用以及生态环境保护提供理论依据.

       

    • 图  1  研究区及采样点分布

      Fig.  1.  Study area and sampling point distribution

      图  2  河心处δ18O沿程变化

      Fig.  2.  δ18O at the center of river change along the river

      图  3  3种质量平衡模型结果的对比

      Fig.  3.  Comparison of the results from three mass balance models

      图  4  河心处222Rn活度沿程变化

      Fig.  4.  222Rn concentration at the center of river change along the river

      图  5  分段地下水排泄通量的量化

      Fig.  5.  Segmental quantification of groundwater discharge

      图  6  分段地下水排泄强度

      Fig.  6.  Segmented groundwater discharge rate

      表  1  222Rn质量平衡参数值

      Table  1.   Parameter values for the 222Rn mass balance model

      参数 数据来源
      河水222Rn活度(Cw) 283.56 Bq/m3 野外测量
      大气222Rn活度(Ca) 8.11 Bq/m3 野外测量
      沉积物孔隙水222Rn活度(Cg) 1 020.50 Bq/m3 沉积物平衡培养实验
      平均水温(T) 13.45℃ 野外测量
      平均风速($ \mu $) 2.38 m/s 中国气象网
      施密特数(Sc) 1456.75 公式(6)
      气体分布系数(α) 0.311 公式(4)
      孔隙度(n) 0.45 室内实验
      宜昌站流量(m3/d) 6.25×108 湖北省常用水情网
      枝城站流量(m3/d) 6.50×108 湖北省常用水情网
      沙市站流量(m3/d) 7.13×108 湖北省常用水情网
      监利站流量(m3/d) 7.19×108 湖北省常用水情网
      螺山站流量(m3/d) 9.49×108 湖北省常用水情网
      洞庭湖来水流量(m3/d) 2.54×108 湖北省常用水情网
      清江来水流量(m3/d) 3.07×107 湖北省常用水情网
      松滋河去水流量(m3/d) 1.49×107 湖北省常用水情网
      上游及支流来水222Rn通量(Bq/m2d) 193.754 上游及支流来水流量乘以其中平均222Rn活度除以河段面积
      下游及支流流出222Rn通量(Bq/m2d) 171.516 下游及支流流出流量乘以其中平均222Rn活度除以河段面积
      大气扩散222Rn通量(Fatm)(Bq/m2d) 280.33 公式(3)
      沉积物扩散222Rn通量(Fdiff)(Bq/m2d) 1.15 公式(7)
      自身衰变222Rn通量(Bq/m2d) 421.94 公式(1)
      地下水排泄222Rn通量(Fgw)(Bq/m2d) 678.86 公式(1)
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  不同端元的EC值

      Table  2.   Results of the EC values in different end members

      河水 地下水 清江 松滋河 洞庭湖 上游来水 下游去水
      EC(μs/cm) 353.1 684.4 265 355 263 376 359
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  水量平衡模型的参数值(m3/d)

      Table  3.   Parameter values for the water balance model (m3/d)

      河段体积变化 上游来水及支流流入 下游去水及支流流出 蒸发量 降雨量
      -5.77×107 9.42×108 9.79×108 1.23×106 1.36×106
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  含水层富水性及地下水位分段

      Table  4.   Segmental data of aquifer water content and groundwater lever

      河段 含水层富水性
      (L/sm)
      地下水位(m) 地下水排泄速率
      V(mm/d)
      宜昌-
      枝城
      中等
      (0.1 < q < 1)

      (> 100)
      较强
      (150 < V < 200)
      枝城-
      沙市
      中等-强
      (0.1 < q < 5)
      中等
      (~40)

      (200 < V)
      沙市-
      监利
      中等-强
      (0.1 < q < 5)
      中等偏低
      (~30)
      中等
      (100 < V < 150)
      监利-
      螺山
      中等-弱
      (0 < q < 1)

      (~25)

      (100 < V)
      注:q为钻孔单位涌水量.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2022-03-03
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