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    东昆仑大格勒稀有金属矿化碳酸岩和橄榄岩斜锆石U-Pb年代学研究和找矿意义

    王秉璋 李五福 金婷婷 张晗 李玉龙 付长垒 刘建栋 王涛 薛万文 王泰山

    王秉璋, 李五福, 金婷婷, 张晗, 李玉龙, 付长垒, 刘建栋, 王涛, 薛万文, 王泰山, 2024. 东昆仑大格勒稀有金属矿化碳酸岩和橄榄岩斜锆石U-Pb年代学研究和找矿意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1245-1260. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.280
    引用本文: 王秉璋, 李五福, 金婷婷, 张晗, 李玉龙, 付长垒, 刘建栋, 王涛, 薛万文, 王泰山, 2024. 东昆仑大格勒稀有金属矿化碳酸岩和橄榄岩斜锆石U-Pb年代学研究和找矿意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1245-1260. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.280
    Wang Bingzhang, Li Wufu, Jin Tingting, Zhang Han, Li Yulong, Fu Changlei, Liu Jiandong, Wang Tao, Xue Wanwen, Wang Taishan, 2024. Baddeleyite U-Pb Geochronology of Rare Metal Mineralized Carbonatite and Peridotite in Dagele Area of East Kunlun Orogen and Its Prospecting Significance. Earth Science, 49(4): 1245-1260. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.280
    Citation: Wang Bingzhang, Li Wufu, Jin Tingting, Zhang Han, Li Yulong, Fu Changlei, Liu Jiandong, Wang Tao, Xue Wanwen, Wang Taishan, 2024. Baddeleyite U-Pb Geochronology of Rare Metal Mineralized Carbonatite and Peridotite in Dagele Area of East Kunlun Orogen and Its Prospecting Significance. Earth Science, 49(4): 1245-1260. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.280

    东昆仑大格勒稀有金属矿化碳酸岩和橄榄岩斜锆石U-Pb年代学研究和找矿意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.280
    基金项目: 

    青海省地质矿产勘查开发局项目 青地矿[2021]61号

    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究(STEP)项目 2019QZKK0702

    青海省地质调查局项目 2021074055kc024

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王秉璋(1969-),男,博士,正高级工程师,从事区域地质矿产调查. ORCID:0000-0002-0796-2769. E-mail:wbz6901@126.com

    • 中图分类号: P597;P581

    Baddeleyite U-Pb Geochronology of Rare Metal Mineralized Carbonatite and Peridotite in Dagele Area of East Kunlun Orogen and Its Prospecting Significance

    • 摘要: 东昆仑大格勒地区发现稀有和稀土矿化碱性岩-碳酸岩杂岩体,表明东昆仑稀有和稀土金属成矿也具有较大的前景,在东昆仑地质过程研究和稀有金属找矿方面具有重要的意义.以大格勒杂岩体中碳酸岩和橄榄岩为目标,针对斜锆石开展地球化学和同位素年代学研究工作,橄榄岩中斜锆石化学成分主要为ZrO2(96.48%~97.21%),其次为HfO2(0.83%~1.17%)和Nb2O5(0.61%~0.93%),LA-ICP-MS U-Pb测年结果表明,207Pb校正年龄加权平均值为381.0±2.3 Ma和417.5±3.4 Ma,T-W图的下交点年龄为381.1±2.3 Ma和417.7±3.4 Ma;碳酸岩中斜锆石化学成分主要为ZrO2(91.1%),其次为HfO2(4.3%)、Nb2O5(1.22%)和FeO(2.31%),207Pb校正年龄加权平均值为381.5±2.5 Ma和416.5±4.5 Ma,T-W图的下交点年龄为381.8±1.8 Ma和416.7±4.5 Ma.推断碳酸岩的形成时代为381.8 Ma,橄榄岩的形成时代为417.7 Ma,暗示富集Nb元素的硅不饱和岩浆活动至少存在两期,东昆仑加里东碰撞造山带碰撞后-造山后岩石圈伸展、地幔部分熔融是其形成的最主要的地球动力学机制.推断晚志留世-泥盆纪是东昆仑十分重要的一个稀有金属成矿期,大格勒-诺木洪河地区是东昆仑稀有金属成矿的重要远景区之一.

       

    • 图  1  东昆仑造山带地理位置(a)和地质简图(b)

      图a据Bi et al.(2022)修改;图b据王秉璋等(2021)修改.1.侏罗系;2.三叠系;3.石炭系-二叠系;4.石炭系;5.泥盆系;6.寒武系-奥陶系;7.志留系;8.元古宇;9.二叠纪-三叠纪花岗岩;10.志留纪-泥盆纪花岗岩;11.寒武纪-奥陶纪花岗岩;12.镁铁-超镁铁质岩;13.区域性断裂及编号;14.一般断裂;15.榴辉岩产地;16.湖泊;17.河流;F1.阿尔金断裂;F2.昆北断裂;F3.昆中断裂;F4.昆南断裂

      Fig.  1.  Geographical location (a) and geological sketch (b) of East Kunlun orogenic belt

      图  2  东昆仑大格勒碱性岩-碳酸岩杂岩体地质略图和卫星影像图(GF2)

      Fig.  2.  Geological sketch and satellite image (GF2) of alkaline-carbonatite complex in the Dagele area, East Kunlun

      图  3  东昆仑大格勒地区碳酸岩(a~d)、辉石岩(a)、角闪石岩(c)和橄榄岩(d)野外照片

      Fig.  3.  Field photos of carbonatite (a-d), pyroxenite (a), hornblendite (c) and peridotite (d) in Dagele area, East Kunlun

      图  4  东昆仑大格勒地区碳酸岩(a~c)和蛇纹石化橄榄岩(d~f)镜下特征

      图a~d,f为正交偏光照片;图e为单偏光照片. 矿物缩写:Dol.白云石;Cc.方解石;Ap.磷灰石;Ol.橄榄石;Serp.蛇纹石;Chl.绿泥石;Mt.磁铁矿;Sp.尖晶石;Frs.铌钙矿;Brc.水镁石

      Fig.  4.  Microscopic characteristics of carbonate (a-c) and serpentine peridotite (d-f) in Dagele area, East Kunlun

      图  5  东昆仑大格勒地区碳酸岩(a)和蛇纹石化橄榄岩(b)背散射电子图像

      矿物缩写:Dol.白云石;Frs.铌钙矿;Bad.斜锆石;Mt.磁铁矿;Serp.蛇纹石;Fgs-Ce.褐铈铌矿;Ap.磷灰石

      Fig.  5.  Backscattered electron images of carbonate (a) and serpentine peridotite (b) from Dagele area, East Kunlun

      图  6  东昆仑大格勒地区橄榄岩(a)和碳酸岩(b)斜锆石阴极发光图

      图中年龄为207Pb校正年龄

      Fig.  6.  Baddeleyite cathodoluminescence of peridotite (a) and carbonatite (b) from Dagle area, East Kunlun

      图  7  东昆仑大格勒地区斜锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb年龄谐和图(a, c)和206Pb/238U加权平均年龄图(b, d)

      a,b.橄榄岩;c,d.碳酸岩

      Fig.  7.  LA-ICP-MS baddeleyite U-Pb concordia diagrams (a, c) and 206Pb/238U weighted mean age diagrams (b, d)

      图  8  东昆仑大格勒-诺木洪河地区志留纪-泥盆纪岩浆岩地质略图

      (1)Zhang et al.(2021);(2)Ding et al.(2019);(3)严威等(2016);(4)陆露等(2013);(5)胡继春等(2017);(6)王艺龙等(2018);(7)龙晓平等(2006);(8)Wang et al.(2022);(9)刘彬等(2012);(10)Tang et al.(2020);(11) Ba et al.(2018);(12) 邓红宾等(2021);(13)Xin et al.(2018);(14)Wang et al.(2019);(15) Xiong et al.(2014);(16) 张亮等(2021);(17) 田广阔等(2016);(18) 郝梦楠等(2021);(19) Zhang et al.(2018);(20)Li et al.(2018);(21)雷勇亮等(2021)

      Fig.  8.  Geological sketch of Silurian-Devonian magmatic rocks in Dagele-Nuomuhonghe area, East Kunlun

      图  9  东昆仑大格勒-诺木洪河地区志留纪-泥盆纪岩浆岩锆石U-Pb年龄频率直方图

      数据来源同图 8

      Fig.  9.  Zircon U-Pb age frequency histogram of Silurian-Devonian magmatic rocks in Dagele-Nuomuhonghe area, East Kunlun

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