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    豫西卢氏五里川地区柳树湾铀矿碱交代成矿作用

    冯晓曦 滕雪明 耿建珍

    冯晓曦, 滕雪明, 耿建珍, 2024. 豫西卢氏五里川地区柳树湾铀矿碱交代成矿作用. 地球科学, 49(4): 1189-1206. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.282
    引用本文: 冯晓曦, 滕雪明, 耿建珍, 2024. 豫西卢氏五里川地区柳树湾铀矿碱交代成矿作用. 地球科学, 49(4): 1189-1206. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.282
    Feng Xiaoxi, Teng Xueming, Geng Jianzhen, 2024. Influence of Alkali Metasomatic Mineralization on Liushuwan Uranium Deposit in Lushi Wulichuan Area, West Henan Province. Earth Science, 49(4): 1189-1206. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.282
    Citation: Feng Xiaoxi, Teng Xueming, Geng Jianzhen, 2024. Influence of Alkali Metasomatic Mineralization on Liushuwan Uranium Deposit in Lushi Wulichuan Area, West Henan Province. Earth Science, 49(4): 1189-1206. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.282

    豫西卢氏五里川地区柳树湾铀矿碱交代成矿作用

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.282
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20221686

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      冯晓曦(1972-),教授级高级工程师,博士,主要从事铀等战略性矿产调查和科学研究. ORCID:0009-0008-7853-560X. E-mail:tjfengxiaoxi@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P611.1

    Influence of Alkali Metasomatic Mineralization on Liushuwan Uranium Deposit in Lushi Wulichuan Area, West Henan Province

    • 摘要: 豫西卢氏五里川地区新发现的柳树湾铀矿碱交代成矿作用明显,对于豫西成矿带新一轮找矿战略行动具有直接指示意义.通过岩石学、岩石化学和同位素定年等研究,认为早古生代中期,深源岩浆上侵、熔融、交代中元古代秦岭微陆块,形成富碱含铀的灰池子岩体(429.4±5.3 Ma)和花岗伟晶岩(417.4±2.3 Ma);早古生代晚期,混有幔源成分的含U、Na、Zr、Hf流体和含U、K、Nb、Ta流体富碱流体交代花岗伟晶岩,塑造了柳树湾花岗伟晶岩铀矿床;富碱流体在改变了岩体及伟晶岩的碱质(K+Na)、硅质(SiO2)、REE和Zr、Hf、Ti等元素分布环境的过程中,导致锆石U-Pb、白云母Ar-Ar和辉钼矿Re-Os同位素封闭体系受损.碱交代作用是岩体、花岗伟晶岩成岩以及柳树湾铀成矿的根本原因.

       

    • 图  1  豫西柳树湾铀矿区域地质简图

      1.中元古代秦岭群;2.中元古代峡河岩群;3.中元古代官道口群;4.新元古代宽坪群;5.新元古代栾川群;6. 奥陶系陶湾群;7. 早古生代二郎坪群;8. 上三叠统五里川组;9. 上白垩统周家湾组;10. 晚元古代超基性岩;11. 晚元古代二长花岗岩;12. 早志留世石英二长岩;13. 早志留世二长花岗岩;14. 早志留世花岗闪长岩;15. 早志留世斜长花岗岩;16. 早侏罗世二长花岗岩;17. 早白垩世二长花岗岩;18. 深大断裂及编号;19. 铀矿床;20. 稀有金属/稀土矿床

      Fig.  1.  Regional geological sketch map of the Liushuwan deposit in West Henan Province

      图  2  豫西卢氏灰池子岩体地质简图

      1. 中元古代峡河岩群;2. 新元古代牛角山二长花岗岩;3. 早志留世花岗闪长岩;4. 早志留世二长花岗岩;5. 早石炭世辉长岩;6. 花岗伟晶岩脉;7. 断裂;8. 自然露头岩石化学样品采集点;9. 辉钼矿Re-O样品采集点;10. 白云母Ar-Ar样品采集点;11. 锆石U-Pb样品采集点;12. 样品采集钻探工程;13. 铌钽矿化/铀矿化;14. 锂铍铷锶铌钽矿化

      Fig.  2.  Geological sketch map of the Huichizi pluton in Lushi, West Henan Province

      图  3  灰池子岩体外围地表伽玛异常分布

      1. 中元古代峡河群;2. 中元古代牛角山岩组;3. 早志留世花岗闪长岩;4. 花岗伟晶岩脉;5. 断裂;6. 偏高场;7. 高场;8. 异常场;9. 铀矿床

      Fig.  3.  Distribution map of gamma anomaly along the rim of the Huichizi pluton

      图  4  灰池子岩体、花岗伟晶岩成因类型和构造环境判别图解

      造山花岗岩类:IAG. 岛弧花岗岩;CAG. 陆弧花岗岩;CCG. 大陆碰撞花岗岩;POG. 造山期后花岗岩.非造山花岗岩类:RRG. 裂谷花岗岩;CEUG. 大陆造陆隆起花岗岩;OP. 大洋斜长花岗岩

      Fig.  4.  Diagrammatic interpretation of genetic type and tectonic environment of Huichizi pluton and granitic pegmatite

      图  5  灰池子岩体、花岗伟晶岩微量元素原始地幔标准化蛛网图

      a.灰池子岩体蛛网图;b.花岗伟晶岩蛛网图

      Fig.  5.  Primitive mantle-normalized spidergrams for trace elements of the Huichizi pltuton (a) and granitic pegmatite (b)

      图  6  灰池子岩体(a)、花岗伟晶岩(b)稀土元素球粒陨石标准化配分曲线图

      Fig.  6.  Chondrite-normalized distribution patterns for REE of the Huichizi pltuton (a) and granitic pegmatite (b)

      图  7  灰池子岩体(a)、花岗伟晶岩(b)锆石CL图像

      Fig.  7.  CL images for zircons of the Huichizi pltuton (a) and granitic pegmatite (b)

      图  8  花岗伟晶岩脉锆石U-Pb年龄协和图

      Fig.  8.  U-Pb concordia patterns of the zircons from the granitic pegmatite

      图  9  白云母(15GJ-01)40Ar-39Ar测年坪年龄谱

      Fig.  9.  40Ar-39Ar age spectrum of muscovite from the Liushuwan uranium deposit

      表  1  柳树湾铀矿样品特征

      Table  1.   Characteristics of uranium samples of Liushuwan uranium deposit

      样号 深度(m) 岩石类型 测试内容 地段
      ZK3701-61 61.00 黑云母二长花岗岩(灰池子岩体) 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK3701-102 102.00 黑云母二长花岗岩(灰池子岩体) 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK3701-133 133.00 黑云母二长花岗岩(灰池子岩体) 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK0501-45 45.00 黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK0501-49 49.00 弱钾化黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK0501-104 104.00 黑云母花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK1001-153 153.00 黑云母花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK0001-64 64.00 黑云母花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 柳树湾
      ZK1601-199 199.00 钾化黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 化银坪
      ZK1601-215 215.00 黑云母花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 化银坪
      ZK5401-38 38.00 钾化黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 王树堂
      ZK5401-40 40.00 黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 王树堂
      ZK5401-49 49.00 弱钾化黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 王树堂
      ZK5401-57 57.00 黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 王树堂
      ZK5401-65 65.00 黑云花岗伟晶岩 主量、微量 王树堂
      2017HCZ-Sc-1 自然露头 中细粒似斑状黑云母二长花岗岩(灰池子岩体) 主量、微量 化银坪
      2017HCZ-Sm-1 自然露头 中细粒花岗岩(灰池子岩体) 主量、微量 化银坪
      301γ 自然露头 黑云母二长花岗岩(灰池子岩体) 锆石U-Pb定年 三道河
      ρ301 自然露头301脉 黑云母花岗伟晶岩 锆石U-Pb定年 三道河
      2017HCZ-HBG-Ar 自然露头 白云母(伟晶岩) Ar-Ar定年 黄柏沟
      105-1-105-6 自然露头105脉 辉钼矿(伟晶岩) Re-Os定年 化银坪
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  柳树湾铀矿辉钼矿Re-Os样品特征

      Table  2.   Characteristics of molybdenite Re-Os samples from Liushuwan uranium deposit

      样品编号 样品名称 样品重量(g) 围岩类型 产状 矿物组合
      105-1 辉钼矿 0.52 花岗伟晶岩 135°∠65° 长石、石英、黑云母
      105-2 辉钼矿 0.06 花岗伟晶岩 135°∠53° 长石、石英、黑云母
      105-3 辉钼矿 0.33 花岗伟晶岩 135°∠53° 长石、石英、黑云母
      105-4 辉钼矿 0.11 花岗伟晶岩 135°∠53° 长石、石英、黑云母
      105-5 辉钼矿 0.18 花岗伟晶岩 135°∠53° 长石、石英、黑云母
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  柳树湾铀矿花岗伟晶岩黄铁矿铅位素组成特征

      Table  3.   Pb isotopic compositions of pyrites from the Liushuwan uranium deposit

      样品原号 样品 测试结果汇总 来源
      208Pb/204Pb Stderr 207Pb/204Pb Stderr 206Pb/204Pb Stderr
      201707ZK1301-y-2 黄铁矿 38.852 0.005 15.655 0.002 19.312 0.003 项目
      (DD20160129)
      ZK5401HTK-Y1 黄铁矿 38.848 0.007 15.821 0.003 22.553 0.004
      ZK1301HTK-Y3 黄铁矿 39.439 0.007 16.010 0.003 25.989 0.005
      ZK1501HTK-ρ1 黄铁矿 39.822 0.007 18.038 0.003 63.014 0.011 林锐华等(2021)
      ZK1501HTK-D2 黄铁矿 38.569 0.007 15.602 0.003 18.141 0.003
      ZK1501HTK-D3 黄铁矿 38.806 0.006 15.621 0.003 18.479 0.003
      ZK0001HTK-D4 黄铁矿 38.633 0.003 15.632 0.001 18.616 0.002
      ZK0001HTK-ρ3 黄铁矿 55.563 0.011 21.587 0.005 125.992 0.027
      ZK1601HTK-ρ4 黄铁矿 39.331 0.006 16.018 0.002 43.502 0.007
      ZK1601HTK-ρ5 黄铁矿 46.055 0.011 18.565 0.004 71.807 0.016
      ZK1301HTK-Y2 黄铁矿 38.728 0.005 15.716 0.002 19.841 0.003
      ZK1301HTK-Y4 黄铁矿 39.868 0.005 15.686 0.002 19.907 0.003
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  光石沟铀矿床成矿时代结果

      Table  4.   Result of metallogenic epoch of Guangshigou uranium deposit

      研究对象 围岩 测试方法 测年结果(Ma) 来源
      晶质铀矿 花岗伟晶岩 产状推断 岩浆期 冯张生等(2021)
      铀石 花岗伟晶岩 产状推断 热液期 冯张生等(2021)
      晶质铀矿 花岗伟晶岩 U-Th-Pb定年 401.3±3.2 何厚锦等(2018)
      晶质铀矿 黑云母伟晶岩 U-Th-Pb同位素 391 朱富社等(2014)
      晶质铀矿 花岗伟晶岩 电子探针 407.6±8
      416.9±10
      郭国林等(2012)
      下载: 导出CSV
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