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    石窟寺岩体劣化机制与失稳机理研究进展

    兰恒星 吕洪涛 包含 李黎 陈卫昌 郭进京 刘世杰

    兰恒星, 吕洪涛, 包含, 李黎, 陈卫昌, 郭进京, 刘世杰, 2023. 石窟寺岩体劣化机制与失稳机理研究进展. 地球科学, 48(4): 1603-1633. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.307
    引用本文: 兰恒星, 吕洪涛, 包含, 李黎, 陈卫昌, 郭进京, 刘世杰, 2023. 石窟寺岩体劣化机制与失稳机理研究进展. 地球科学, 48(4): 1603-1633. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.307
    Lan Hengxing, Lü Hongtao, Bao Han, Li Li, Chen Weichang, Guo Jinjing, Liu Shijie, 2023. Advances in Degradation and Instability Mechanism of Grotto Temple Rock Mass. Earth Science, 48(4): 1603-1633. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.307
    Citation: Lan Hengxing, Lü Hongtao, Bao Han, Li Li, Chen Weichang, Guo Jinjing, Liu Shijie, 2023. Advances in Degradation and Instability Mechanism of Grotto Temple Rock Mass. Earth Science, 48(4): 1603-1633. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.307

    石窟寺岩体劣化机制与失稳机理研究进展

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.307
    基金项目: 

    国家重点研发计划项目 2019YFC1520601

    国家自然科学基金项目 42177142

    国家自然科学基金项目 42041006

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      兰恒星(1972—),男,研究员,博士,从事工程地质与灾害地质方面的研究工作.ORCID:0000-0002-7146-932X. E-mail:lanhx@igsnrr.ac.cn

      通讯作者:

      包含, ORCID: 0000-0002-5432-9587. E-mail: baohangeo@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P642

    Advances in Degradation and Instability Mechanism of Grotto Temple Rock Mass

    • 摘要: 石窟寺作为弥足珍贵的文化遗产,受内外因素的长期影响,劣化严重,失稳破坏现象频发.为更好地开展石窟文物保护,对石窟寺岩体劣化失稳方面的研究成果进行了系统梳理.在阐述石窟寺岩体劣化和破坏研究的基础上,从成岩环境与区域地质、区域环境演化、可溶盐、水环境、生物作用、洞窟形制和多因素耦合共7个方面总结了各因素作用下石窟寺岩体的劣化机制与失稳机理,指出石窟寺岩体劣化失稳的根本原因是内外因素引起的力学作用、物理作用、化学作用、生物作用的相互耦合,往往表现为岩体内部微结构产生-拓展-贯通-成网的演化过程,并导致岩体发生累积性和瞬时性破坏.石窟寺岩体的劣化失稳表现出多样性和地域差异性,研究思路可相互借鉴,并由此展望了石窟寺岩体保护在多尺度、多手段、多因素耦合和多区域联合等方面的研究需求.

       

    • 图  1  石窟寺岩石材料的劣化

      Fig.  1.  Deterioration of rock materials in grotto temple

      图  2  石窟寺岩体破坏分类

      Fig.  2.  Classification of rock mass failure of grotto temple

      图  3  安岳圆觉洞12号窟顶板沿层理面发生剥落

      Fig.  3.  Roof spalling along the bedding plane of Cave 12 of Yuanjuedong, Anyue

      图  4  成岩环境与区域稳定性对石窟寺稳定性的影响

      Fig.  4.  Influence of diagenetic environment and regional stability on stability of grotto temple

      图  5  区域环境演化对石窟寺稳定性的影响

      Fig.  5.  Influence of regional environmental evolution on stability of grotto temple

      图  6  水岩作用下石窟寺岩体的劣化破坏机理

      Fig.  6.  Deterioration and failure mechanism of grotto rock mass under water-rock interaction

      图  7  可溶盐对岩石微观结构破坏示意图

      Fig.  7.  Schematic diagram of rock microstructure damage by soluble salt

      图  8  生物活动对岩体的影响机制

      Fig.  8.  Influence mechanism of biological activities on rock mass

      图  9  石窟寺岩体劣化破坏机理示意图

      Fig.  9.  Schematic diagram of degradation and failure mechanism of rock mass in grotto temple

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-05-26
    • 刊出日期:  2023-04-25

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